This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Is Human Nature: A Literature Review Of The Philosophy Of Science And Evolutionary Psychology

970 words - 4 pages

When psychologists speak about human-nature, it is as if we are no longer apart of human-nature. Human-nature appears to be discussed in the sense of dehumanized, sub-human, animals that are no longer part of nature at all. Is it truly possible that we are so far gone from what we were evolved to be that we no longer have a human-nature (Morton & Postmes, 2011; Fisher, 2012)? Current sociological writing generally avoids the term human-nature and gets by without it (Leahy, 2012). How do we answer this complex question when the two fields who study humans directly no longer use the term? “To all intent and purposes a newborn human baby is helpless. Not only is it physically dependent on older ...view middle of the document...

This microstructural property also constitutes a sense in which all samples of gold are fundamentally the same. One might think that a similar story can be told about species: perhaps species, too, are natural kinds, again with microstructural essences. However, this way of thinking about species has been almost universally rejected among biologists and philosophers of biology. Most taxonomic philosophies instead regard species members as united not by virtue of possessing similar intrinsic properties, but instead in analyzing how they stand in to each other (Okasha, 2002). According to Dewitt (2008, 2010), internal genetic properties go some way to explaining the characteristics of explaining the biological species. Dewitt's view is the causal explanation of (say) why tigers develop in such a way to develop to grow stripes, which in part can be explained by the pattern of genetic material that tiger has. Dewitt takes it that some perhaps unruly pattern of genetic variation is characteristic of a species, hinting that species may be defined as loose “genotypic clusters.” Edouard Machery (2008), however, feels the nominal conception has it that human-nature is the set of properties that humans tend to possess as a result of their evolutionary history. Human-nature consists in traits that are common among humans, but this does not mean there is anything wrong in failing to possess one of these traits, nor does it mean there is anything morally right in exemplifying the statistical norm. This means that human-nature consists nothing more then specific traits that are widely distributed amongst the human population, and human-nature is owed to the variety of evolutionary processes. Natural selection tends to spread those traits that augment an individuals capacity to reproduce, and yet there is no general reason why these specific traits are ethically...

Find Another Essay On What is Human Nature: A Literature Review of the Philosophy of Science and Evolutionary Psychology

A Treatise of Human Nature: David Hume´s Philosophy

932 words - 4 pages mind, I instead rely upon the fleeting ideas that I have of the book. Obviously, these are far less powerful and vivid when the object of my thoughts has been separated from my senses. It is in this manner that ideas are derived, or copied, from impressions. Hume adds yet a further division to these perceptions, however, by enumerating what he calls simple and complex perceptions. The most readily understandable difference between these is

Psychology of Suicide Bombing as a Terrorism Tactic: A Literature Review on Recruitment, Ideology and Execution

1560 words - 7 pages is a moot point. Is there even a psychological profile that characterizes suicide bombers? Can we understand the mind of a suicide terrorist? Such questions are a vital interest to counterintelligence agencies, as well as society in general. This paper attempts to tackles some of these issues by looking at the psychology of those being recruited, the psychology of terrorist ideologies for using suicide bombing, and the psychological reasons

Literary Review of Sexuality and Gender in Science Fiction Literature

3277 words - 13 pages Literary Review My argument is that SF literature offers a utopian hope for the future where individual differences are no longer criticized. To conduct this literature review I used multiple information sources to examine issues of gender and sexuality within science fiction literature. None of these sources claim to have produced a conclusive work on the interpretation of gender and sexuality in SF. Some of what I have read seems to be a

"Literature opens a dark window on the soul, revealing more about what is bad in human nature then what is good."

734 words - 3 pages A person once said, "Literature opens a dark window on the soul, revealing more about what is bad in human nature then what is good." In other words, authors unlock an evil portal on the spirit and display more about what is regretful in the human race then what is good. This true is because the writer is free to opinionate and write about their intimate emotions that for the most part are unpleasant. John Steinbeck, author of Mice and Men, said

The Effects of Autism on Family Life, Family Structure and Family Relationships - Psychology - Literature Review

1908 words - 8 pages at Chuck E’ Cheese, sit and think for a second; That child may be suffering more than what meets the eye and that parent is overwhelmed with stress; Ask, how can I help?  References Altiere, M. J., & von Kluge, S. (2009). Family functioning and coping behaviors in parents of children with autism. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 18(1), 83-92. Hartley, Sigan L. Barker, Erin T. Seltzer, Marsha Mailick Floyd, Frank Greenberg, Jan Orsmond, Gael

This is a critical lens response to the quote literature opens a dark window on the soul, revealing more about what is bad in human nature than what is good

563 words - 2 pages "Literature opens a dark window on the soul, revealing more about what is bad in human nature than what is good." This quote means that literature will show all sides to a person not just their good side. It will show how evil a person maybe even though they may seem nice. I would have to agree with this quote because in the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare. Macbeth was once a noble man but the powers of greed made his true side come out. In

Forensic Psychology Literature Review

1779 words - 7 pages , theorists, and psychologists that believed that Forensic Psychology had no standing to be linked to topics of law. This literature review will attempt to identify scholarly articles that trace the origins and the movement that led to Forensics Psychology becoming a specialty within the field of psychology. I will also attempt to explain What is Forensic Psychology as well as the part it plays within the legal system. In an article titled

Human Nature According to Psychoanalysis and the Humanistic Psychology

1649 words - 7 pages Human Nature According to Psychoanalysis and the Humanistic Psychology As Carl Jung stated “ As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of human existence is to kindle a light of

Psychology Literature Review

1603 words - 6 pages questions being asked to a respondent, which could provoke certain responses that may be dishonest or untruthful thereby making the test partially invalid. The reliability on the other hand, could be affected due to the validity as such that the results are deviated significantly from what is considered consistent. The validity and reliability of a standard personality test are crucial as they determine how appropriate a test is in measuring a

Review of Literature-wrote this in 9th grade for science fair. got all the way to state wit it tho so be careful. its about marigolds and what the effects of zinc, borax, and citric acid has on them

1562 words - 6 pages Review of LiteraturePlants are organisms that, like everything else that is living, are made up of cells and they are in the Plantae Kingdom (Plants, p. 2893-2894). The earliest know plants that occurred were the ferns, and they appeared about 400 million years ago (Plant, 1996). Plants get their energy from the sun by a process called photosynthesis and take in food and water by their root system. Then it travels up the stem and to the leaves

Childhood Maltreatment and Emotion Recognition - History and Systems of Psychology - Literature Review

3401 words - 14 pages Running head: CHILDHOOD MALTREATMENT AND EMOTION COMMUNICATION 1 CHILDHOOD MALTREATMENT AND EMOTION COMMUNICATION 2 Childhood Maltreatment and Emotion Communication Angel Ray Mercado Southwestern Assemblies of God University History and Systems of Psychology Childhood Maltreatment and Emotion Communication Introduction This focus of this review is to determine the lasting emotional effects of moderate to severe childhood physical abuse and

Similar Essays

Introduction To Philosophy: This Essay Is About My Philosophy Of Human Nature And A Comparison And Contrast With Karl Marx's View Of Human Nature. Essay Includes Resources

1650 words - 7 pages Philosophy of Human NatureMy philosophy of human nature is based on the existence of God. To get a more in depth view of my philosophy, I will explain in detail that I have a theistic view much like the philosopher St. Thomas Aquinas. I was raised in a deeply religious catholic family, who frequented church on a regular basis. This upbringing in the catholic setting has deeply impacted my view of human nature and the existence of God and how he

My Philosophy Of Human Nature Essay

988 words - 4 pages man's a creature on a tightrope, walking delicately, terrified that at any moment he will plummet into the abyss without a trace. It is on this tightrope that a human being can fall either onto the side of good or evil. Late at night, sitting in the dark, I think about the Muhammads, and I think about my own journey: walking delicately on the tightrope of what we call life.

Science And Human Nature Essay

2077 words - 8 pages Science, a field that involves various subjects including math, biology, chemistry etc, is one of those most influential aspects of human history. Merriam-webster dictionary defines it as: “such knowledge or such a system of knowledge concerned with the physical world and its phenomena: Nature Science” (“Science”, Merriam-webster Dictionary). What it studies is alway related to our nature, ourselves. It is a field that requires sophisticated

Review Of Literature This Is The Paper I Wrote For Science Fair In 7 Grade. The Subject Is: "What Is The Effect Of Coca Cola On Marigolds", So It Has Info About Coke And Marigolds

1196 words - 5 pages Review of LiteratureDid you know that Coca-Cola will eventually rot your teeth away and eat atyour stomach? Also did you know that if you won't drink any kind of pop you willhave more energy? Well it's all true! I will now tell you some facts about plants,marigolds, and Coca-Cola.Plants are organisms that, like everything else living, are made up of cells andthey are in the Plantae Kingdom (Gale encyclopedia of science, p. 2893-2894