What Is I.D.E.A. And How Does It Effect Students Of Color?

2158 words - 9 pages

Mid-Term

What is I.D.E.A.
&
How Does It
Affect
Students of Color?

The United States is home to hundreds of different types of peoples and cultures. We have always prided ourselves on our achievements as a nation, but now there is a problem. In the past century we have discovered that it is inhumane to hide away people that are different from us. It is an atrocity to deny one child an education just because he/she can't see, hear, speak, walk, or even think like 'normal' people. Now is the time for change and from this time, we are introduced to I.D.E.A. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act was passed so that all children might be able to receive a free, appropriate public education. We have had the law for a few decades now, but what exactly is I.D.E.A. and how is it really helping the disabled students of America?
     According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, a child with a disability is a child with mental retardation, hearing impairments (including deafness), speech or language impairments, visual impairments (including blindness), serious emotional disturbance (herinafter referred to as emotional disturbance), orthopedic impairments, autism, traumatic brain injury, other health impairments, or specific learning disabilities. This definition is for a general child. If the child is younger, age 3 through 9, a child with a disability can include any child that is experiencing developmental delays, as defined by the State and as measured by appropriate diagnostic instruments and procedures, in on or more of the following areas: physical development, cognitive development, communication development, social or emotional development, or adaptive development. Both of these categories include any child, by reason thereof, that needs special education and related services. (IDEA '97)
     Now that we know what classifies a disabled child, what exactly are these disabilitie?. The following will be definitions of what each of these disabilities entail.
1) Mental retardation - Characterized by IQ level below 70 and must have significant limitations in adaptive functioning in at least 2 of the follwing skill areas: communication, self care, home living, social/interpersonal skills, use of community resources, self direction, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health and safety. (APA)

2) Hearing impairments - permanent or fluctuating impairment in hearing that adversely affects educational performance. (Schwab Learning)

3) Speech or language impairments - includes communication disorders, language impairments, voice impairments that adversely affects educational performance. (Schwab Learning)

4) Visual Impairments - impairment in vision that even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness. (Arbeiter)

5) Emotional Disturbance - Characterized by one or more of...

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