Kantianism is a philosophical theory that was created by a man named Immanuel Kant. According to Immanuel Kant or Kantianism, his theory emphasizes the contemporary positions dealing with the philosophy of the mind, epistemology, and ethics. For example, Kant believes that people should not be treated as an end and never as a means to an end as it’s considered unethical for a person to use other people for their own personal gain simply because – according to Immanuel Kant – people possess value.
In addition to the following, Kant also talks about the two types of good and what is considered good in the aspects of Kantianism. According to Kant, there are two types of good: intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic good means that the good must be good and of itself whereas extrinsic is good that is good but not good and not of itself (Page 71…). Lastly, are the imperatives that Kant discusses when reflecting on the theory called Kantianism. For example, the first imperative is called the Hypothetical Imperative whereas the second is called the Categorical Imperative. Hypothetical Imperatives – in contrast to Categorical Imperatives – are dependent upon the context of the situation, whereas categorical imperatives are not dependable on the context of a situation as they’re universal. As a result, they are both relative and contingent forming to bring about a certain result or consequence having nothing to do with morality. With that being said, Kantianism is a theory based on how one should act -- while simultaneously focusing on the morality of an action -- versus the consequence or consequences of an action. Moreover, is the principle that hypothetical imperatives are both relative and contingent whenever a certain result or consequence has nothing to do with morality. With that being said, Kantianism can be summarized as a theory based on how one should act -- while simultaneously focusing on the morality of an action -- versus the consequence or consequences of an action.
Analysis and Conclusion
For example, with the given example of Jean -- being a former psychiatrist and now network administrator for an LM Pharmacy in a town called Paris located in the state of Virginia, Jeans actions to “impersonate” a healthcare provider to save his nephews life – after being bitten by an exotic tropical insect – would be condemned by the theory of Kantianism. The reason why Kantianism would condemn Jeans actions is because Kant believes morality is never relative but absolute. In Jeans case, “impersonating” to be a healthcare provider would be considered to be a lie under the ideal of Kantianism as the maxim is universalized leading to a contradiction in conception. In other words, lying to save someone else’s life goes against the universal moral that we should all aspire to practice – says Kant – due to the fact that morality must be based on the categorical imperativeness since morality is a commandment that we cannot opt from.