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What Is Kawaski Disease And Why Isn't There A Way To Prvent It?

2135 words - 9 pages

What is Kawasaki disease and who is affected by it?
Introduction
I chose to do my research paper on Kawasaki disease in an effort to learn more about this disease. A close family friend’s daughter was diagnosed with Kawasaki back in September of this year. She called me crying and asked if I knew anything bout Kawasaki. At first I thought,“Why is she crying over the motorcycle?” I responded, “The motorcycle?” to which she replied, “No, the disease.” I told her I never heard of the disease but by its name I can assume it originated in Japan or has something to do with Japan. I love doing research, so I told her I would look up more information and get back to her, she laughed then said, “Thank you!”
In order to learn about Kawasaki disease we must look at its history. Kawasaki disease was simultaneously discovered around the world between 1960 and 1970. Kawasaki disease also known as Kawasaki Syndrome or Mucocutaneous lymph node Syndrome was discovered by Japanese pediatrician Tamisaku Kawasaki; hence the name Kawasaki Disease.However, KD was independently recognized as a distinct condition in the early 1970’s by pediatricians Marian Melish and Raquel Hicks at the University of Hawaii. Dr. Tamisaku Kawasaki saw his first case in the early 1960’s; subsequently, he published his first findings in Japanese in 1967 then, in 1974 he published the English version. Though it wasn’t recognized as an aggressive syndrome, it was associated with serious complications of the coronary arteries. Nevertheless,extensive research into understanding the outcome based on publications on the origin, pathophysiology, epidemiology, and treatment.
KD affects children of Japanese decent, and Korea has the second-largest number of patients. In the United States it KD is more frequent among children of Asian-American background, but can occur in any racial or ethnic group. Also, it is a major cause of heart disease in children, as stated on the heart.org’s website (July 24, 2013). Numerous publicationsindicate that on an annual basis there are close to 1400 cases per 100,000 children under 5 years old. When we look at the race being affected in the US, those of Asian descent is the most highest as previously stated, then blacks. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Kawasaki occurs worldwide, may have winter-spring seasonality, and community-wide outbreaks have been reported occasionally. Approximately 4248 hospitalizations with KS of which 3277 (77%) were children under 5 years of age (n.d.). Though KD occurs year round, in recent years there have been localized outbreaks, often occurring in late winter or spring.
Definition
Kawasaki disease or Kawasaki Syndromeis a rare autoimmune disease. This disorderthat causes inflammation in the walls of small and medium sized blood vessels all through the body, including capillaries,veins and or coronary arteries which delivers oxygenated blood to the muscle of the heart. This...

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