What Is Marine Pollution? Essay

999 words - 4 pages

What is Marine Pollution? Marine pollution is the adding of toxins and harmful chemicals into the ocean, not only is it chemicals but it also plastics. North Carolina is now ranked the 3rd out of 30 states in beach water quality. Runoff from storms and irrigation carries pollution from parking lots, yards, and streets directly into waterways that lead right to the ocean. In 2010, North Carolina reported 240 coastal beaches, 114 beaches or (48%) of which were monitored NRDC looked at the percent of monitoring samples that exceeded the state’s daily maximum bacterial standards In 2010, 2% of all reported beach monitoring samples exceeded the state’s daily maximum bacteria standards. The ...view middle of the document...

The polluted air, containing gases like carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, also pollutes the ocean water, as these contaminants dissolve in the rainwater and eventually reach the oceans. Some of the effects of Marine Pollution are. Oil spilled in oceans is bad for all forms of marine life including coral reefs, fish, and marine plants. Coral reefs are in fact the worst affected, as huge amount of pollution and global warming threatens to wipe them off the planet in the next few years. Ocean pollution leads to a loss of oxygen dissolved in water, which, in turn, makes it difficult for various sea animals to breathe. Humans are also affected by pollution of all of the ocean water, because marine life is a major source of food for us. With the pollution we could get sick from the marine live eating our trash, which we produce so basically we are harming our own food supply. We cannot just stop eating the marine life because that brings an even bigger group of the people who are unemployed.
Some of the programs that are trying to help pollution are. The IMO International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, it covers accidental oil pollution as well as pollution by chemicals, goods in packaged form, sewage, garbage and air pollution. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), it controls pollution from sea-bed activities; pollution from activities in the area; pollution by dumping; and pollution from or through the atmosphere. The Global Programme of Action (GPA) preventing the marine environment from land-based activities by preserving and protecting the marine environment. Clean Water Act of 1972, was an act pass from the Congress. Any discharge of any pollutant from a point source must have a (NPDES) permit. This requires compliance with technology and water quality-based treatment standards.
Some things that we can to prevent Marine Pollution is following these easy steps....

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