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What Is Moral Theology? Essay

1644 words - 7 pages

Moral Theology is a branch of theology, the science of God and Devine things. It is also considered as the study of the ‘beginning and the end of a man’s moral life’ and essentially the analysis of how one should act (QUOTE #1). As a Roman Catholic life is marked by interior devotion to God and following the Ten Commandments. Theology, is understood to mean supernatural theology that is the science of God and Devine things, in as far as it based on supernatural Revelation (QUOTE #2). The focusing theme contains not only God in his essence, but also his actions, and his works of salvation and the guidance, which are led to God whom will be our supernatural end. Through our knowledge of all these truths is necessary for every man to understand the broadest outlines, and is acquired by Christian faith. Theology demands the knowledge won through faith, and as it deepens it expands and strengthens so that our faith can be better understood and defined by the reasons (BOOK). An example of this a house is built to live in, a clock made to keep time. But what of the “end” to which we as human beings aspire? Thinking of this “end” not as an end point, but as completion as fullness.
According to Aristotle “Every art and every scientific inquiry, and similarly every action and purpose, may be said to aim at some good. Hence the good has been well defined as that at which all things aim” (QUOTE BOOK). With various actions, arts and sciences, it follows the ends. With the knowledge of supreme good it is of great importance for the conduct of life, we should aim to be part of the doctrines of faith. As humans our intelligence is the most useful tool given to us by God. Following our internal compass means developing this capacity, not only in the matters of science, but also in practical life such as developing our own individuality. Following that actions and reasoning will be developed next. Above all else, Aristotle also claims we are intended to be rational (BOOK). This further leads to human happiness but only the highest form of happiness is rewarded to those whom are very rational and not living beyond their means.
As people grow and seek to become who they are intended to be, habits begin to develop that represent the best of what it means to be human. In the field of moral theology, it is including a man’s free actions but for their right to performance. Human excellence is very important in ones life to ensure the full fulfillment. Aristotle calls these ‘excellences virtues.’ This is to act virtuously, excellently, do things well, and to act successfully as a human being (BOOK). An example of this is to allow reason to guide one’s actions. Aristotle also believed that ‘a good person would use reason to control desire’ (BOOK). Ultimately, the decision is up to the individual when choosing to deliberately fulfill, that which is the most appropriate for us as humans. By choosing continually to do virtuous things, so that these actions become...

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