What is Operations Management?
The term operations management is define as the decisions, activities, and the responsibility of managers to use the available resources to develop a specific product or perform a specific service. There are many types of departments that are within a company. The department that is responsible for performing these tasks are known as the operations function. In the operations function there is always operation managers. The operations managers are the people that are in charge of the making sure are the processes are being done properly and the resources are being used efficiently. In operations management there are two types, which are manufacturing and service operations.
Manufacturing Operations is a type of operation that companies that are involved in manufacturing produce products that are tangible and can be sold to other users. One example of this type of company is the Mercedes-Benze plant in Tuscaloosa. The plant manufactures a car that is then shipped to a dealership for inventory that can later be sold to a customer. Companies that are manufactures typically do not involve much interaction with the customers themselves. Mercedes send the cars usually directly to whole market sales or dealerships not typically directly to an individual customer. The first part of a manufacturing process is developing a strategy of producing the product such as project layout, work-center layout, or a manufacturing cell layout. A project layout is typically for larger and massive products that will be produced in one specific location with the equipment, labor, and material being moved to the product location. One example of a project layout is the process of building a home. The carpenters, materials, and equipment is brought to the construction site and not the other way around. The work-center layout, often referred to as a job shop, is where similar equipment or functions are divided into sections such as all packaging machines in one area and all dipping machines in another. The manufacturing cell layout is where there are different products that require very similar processing requirements.
In manufacturing operations there are two poplar types of manufacturing processes: assembly line and continuous process. The assembly line is one of the most famous processes in the automobile industry that was first invented by Henry Ford. In an assembly line the work of producing the product is done in individual steps as the product progresses through the line. The main focus of this process is to cut down on waste of motion and time with specific stages performing only specific task. The different steps in the assembly line are referred to as stations. The continuous process is very similar to the assembly line process in that both processes go through a pre-determined process to cut down on time. The major difference is that the continuous process has a flow that is constant like the flow of water in a rapid moving...