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What Is Rock'n'roll Music. Essay

2240 words - 9 pages

Rock and Roll musicRock and Roll started after the year 1955 with its roots being in Blues, Gospel, and Jazz. This influenced vocal music, which was popular with the African American population. Groups such as The 'Mills Brothers' and the 'Ink Spots' sang hep Harmony who added rhythm and harmony. Small Swing Bands or Jump Bands featured saxophone soloists and repeated phrases. These city style blues featured singers such as Joe Turner, Dina Washington, T- Bone Walker, and composer-singer Percy Mayfield. During this era, country blues traditions of the south became influential in the North as well. Blacks moved from the South to the North and Chicago became the center of blues recordings. This emphasized electric guitars, harmonicas, and drummers who emphasized after beats (beats 2 and 4 of the measure). Black gospel music was very popular and given the label of rhythm and blues R&B (B. Lee Cooper, Wayne S, 1997). This music was carried on radio and popular with the disc jockeys.1950's, when Rock n' Roll was born. It emerged from rhythm and blues, music similar to jazz played by blacks. This kind of music started to attract white teenagers. Disc jockey Alan Freed was the one who introduced this music and later gave it the name of Rock n' Roll. Record companies distributed records played by whites but composed by blacks. Whites were frustrated because there weren't any white artists and they didn't want the blacks to be the stars until Bill Haley appeared with his 'Rock Around the Clock'. In this decade, Elvis Presley introduced a music that was sexual suggestive and outraged dull adults. One record producer, Sam Phillips stated, 'If I could only find a white man who had the Negro sound and the Negro feel I could make a million dollars.' By 1956, a young singer, Elvis Presley, padre Phillips a prophet with his hit song 'Heartbreak Hotel ' (Tom Hibbert, 1986). Elvis Presley did more than any other artist to promote the style of Rock 'n' Roll with fifty-two top thirty hits in less than ten years, earning himself the title of King of Rock and Roll. In time he changed the style of the music by adopting a country and western style and became a national hero. By the end of this decade and the start of the next, Rock n' Roll started to decline because it was formula ridden and it was too sentimental. Teenage audiences transferred their allegiance to Folk music.By the early 1960s Rock and Roll was a contributing factor to the Civil Rights movements bringing African-Americans to become equal to whites. White teenagers purchased records released by African-American performers and African-American teenagers did the opposite. Whites and African-Americans sat beside each other at concerts, enjoying music that may not be performed by people of the same race as they were. However, in a society dominated by white males, many minorities were mocked and treated cruelly. Women were looked down upon as second class citizens in the 1960s; treated as sex objects in...

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