What is Schizophrenia?
What if you lived your life in constant fear of the voices in your head, feeling like someone’s plotting to harm you, or had a hard time interacting with the people around you? These are some of the common issues that people with Schizophrenia face in their life. Imagine if you were a parent and you believe your child is just acting out, but all signs lead to a much broader diagnosis. In order to visualize ourselves or other people around us living with Schizophrenia; we must first define the meaning of Schizophrenia.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health (2009) (as cited in Regier et al, 1993), “Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disorder that has affected people throughout history and about 1 percent of Americans have this illness” (p. 85-94).
The NIMH (2009) also describes Schizophrenia as:
“A disorder in which people may hear voices other people don’t hear. They may believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. This can terrify people with the illness and make them withdrawn or extremely agitated. People with schizophrenia may not make sense when they talk. They may sit for hours without moving or talking. Sometimes people with Schizophrenia seem perfectly fine until they talk about what they are really thinking” (p.1).
I could not imagine myself living life with Schizophrenia, because it really takes a toll on your mental well-being. Now that we have a better overview of Schizophrenia, I will discuss the Etiology and incidence of Schizophrenia.
Etiology and Incidence of Schizophrenia
According to Kyziridis (2005), Signs of Schizophrenia can be traced in written documents as far the days of Pharaonic Egypt and the second millennium before Christ (p.42). The 19th and 20th Century bought many breakthroughs in the research of Schizophrenia. The main two contributors of these findings were Emil Kreuler and Eugen Bleuler.
Through Emil Kreulers findings, he termed this disorder as dementia praecox or ‘dementia of early onset’ because he stated that the disorder led to a decline in cognitive processes (Kyziridis, 2005, p.45). Kyziridis(2005) also stated that Eugen Bleuler disagreed with the term dementia praecox because he believed there was no evidence supporting a global dementing process and he then coined the term Schizophrenia (p.45).
According to Kyziridis (2005), “The word schizophrenia, comes from the Greek roots schizo (split) and phrene (mind) to describe the fragmented thinking of people with the disorder” (p.45). I believe this meaning states that people with schizophrenia have multiple personalities.
McGrath and Susser(2009), states that Incidence counts the number of new cases per year (p.s7). A 2004 report discovered by McGrath and Susser, (as cited in McGrath, Saha, Welham et al, 2004) indicates that “the median incidence of Schizophrenia (for persons) was 15.2 per 100,000, and the central 80 percent of...