What Is Schizophrenia? Essay

651 words - 3 pages

What is schizophrenia? There are many definitions of schizophrenia, NANDA defines this disorder as a, “mental disorder characterized by a breakdown of thought processes and by poor emotional responsiveness,” (Hafiyudin, 2012). Schizophrenia is an impairment of the mind, in which there is an abnormality in the reality of everyday life, (Hafiyudin, 2012). This disease, “affects one in every 100 people in the United States,” (Varcarolis & Jordan-Halter, 2010). There are many different types of schizophrenia and different degrees of the disorder. NANDA lists the different types as being, “catatonic, paranoid, residual, undifferentiated, and disorganized,” (Hafiyudin, 2012).
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It may be hard to determine the exact cause of schizophrenia, but it could possibly be caused by genetic and nongenetic factors, these factors can in one way or another affect the way the brain functions, (Varcarolis & Jordan-Halter, 2010). There is a specific tool psychiatrists use in order to help diagnose schizophrenia. The “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, also known as the DSM-IV-TR. The criteria is designed in an order to figure out specific signs and symptoms that may be characterized with schizophrenia or other psychiatric disorders, (Varcarolis & Jordan-Halter, 2010).
Schizophrenia is a disorder that can have many different causative factors. Some of these factors include, a person’s environment, illicit drug use, any kind of genetic disorder, and if there were complications during pregnancy, (Fortinash & Worret, 2012). Examples of each of these factors: environment, if a person lives in an area where the crime rate is high or economic status, these can contribute the development of schizophrenia. Using recreational drugs can cause a vulnerable person to develop what is...

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