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What Is The Bill Of Rights?

1669 words - 7 pages

The Bill of Rights Essay
“Rightful liberty is unobstructed action according to our will within limits drawn around us by the equal rights of others.I do not add ‘within the limits of the law because law is often but the tyrant's’ will,and always so when it violates the rights of the individual” -Thomas Jefferson. The Constitution was created because of the ineffectiveness of the Articles of Confederation did not simply protecting the rights of the people which the Founding Fathers was concerned about. The Constitution was a social contract was an agreement among the people in society which the people give up part of their freedom to the government for protection of their natural rights by the government. Then the Constitution was created many citizens were concerned about the new government being too powerful. Citizens was fearing that their rights were being limited. This fear led to a demand that a Bill of rights was to be added to the Constitution and once the government went ot action the first item on the agenda was the Bill of Rights to be made. The Bill of Rights purpose was to clearly state the individual rights of American citizens. All ten Amendments in the Bill of rights are significant for protecting the right of the citizens but Amendment One the freedom of speech, religion, press, and petition, the Fourth Amendment gives the protection of unreasonable search and seizure without a search warrant, and Fifth protects the accused by protecting them from self incrimination, double jeopardy, and from depriving their life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
The First Amendment gives citizens many freedoms like religion and petition from the government. Amendment one gives freedom of citizens choosing their religion, freedom of speech, press, and to petition from the government. Amendment One was important because it gives citizens their freedom against the government and society to say what they want to say, petition if a rule is wrong or needs to be added. An example of the First Amendment was the case, Tinker versus Des Moines 1968. Mary Beth Tinker, an eighth grader, was expressing her opposition at Warren Harding Junior High School for the war in Vietnam by wearing a black armband and got suspended so did other students. But, at the same school were allowed to wear supporting political campaigns, so Tinker brought the cases to supreme court. The verdict for the cases was 7 to 2 in favor of Tinker. Justice Abe Fortas said that students do not “shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech at . . . the schoolhouse gate” (Giposn, R 37). The court admitted that school officials had to set rules for these types of problems. The court said that the black armband was a sign of symbolic speech of political protest which is speech violating the First Amendment freedom of speech. The ruling clarifies that citizens have a freedom of speech at certain places such as school. Also clarified for citizens by...

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