What Is The Classification Of Psychology?

2428 words - 10 pages

Psychology is known as the study of the mind and behavior through researching, observing, and interpreting. There is a variety of different fields in psychology abnormal psychology, clinical psychology, counseling psychology, developmental psychology, forensic psychology, personality psychology, and social psychology. According to the data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the Occupational Outlook Handbook psychology will continue to grow twelve percent which is seen as average in the next ten years (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2014-15). It is important that the categorization of psychology be understood by individuals because of the continued trend of individuals studying, learning, and working in the psychology field over the next ten years. However, if individuals do not have an understanding of psychology’s classification being supported either as a science or not being supported as a science, it is likely to result in feelings of confusion. The definition of science, according to the Merriam-Webster dictionary is defined as, “knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts learned through experiments and observation” also known as the state of knowing (Merriam-Webster). There is supporting evidence that suggests psychology be classified as a science and other evidence that does not show supporting evidence that psychology is classified as a science. The purpose of this Literature Review on identifying the classification of psychology is to assess the current research sources on the following categories; support that psychology is a science, support that psychology is not a science, current problems within psychology, and lastly to identify gaps in the current research.
The first category that will be discussed in the Literature Review is the sources that support psychology as a science; however, there are a variety of specific science explanations other than broadly supporting psychology as a science. European Federation of Psychologists’ Associations’ (EFPA) broadly supports psychology as a science. The EFPA supports the claim that psychology is a science through the European Congress, awards for scientific excellence, the European Psychologist journal, and work from the Standing Committee on Scientific Affirms (Polišenská, 2011). This source does provide support that psychology can be considered a science; however, the information and evidence used to support the claim may not be relevant and useful for this region. The next three following subcategorizes are specific sciences that support the claim of psychology’s classification as science. The three subcategorizes include psychology’s support through; human science, biological science, and natural science.
Rom Harré, a professor at Georgetown University and American University compares the differences between human sciences and natural sciences, while making his claim that psychology is classified as human science (Harré, 2004). He believes the...

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