Prisoners in Our Corrections
In California, legal executions were authorized under the Criminal Practice Act of 1851. On February 1872, capital punishment was integrated into the California Penal Code. Explaining the historical development of capital and corporal punishment, including the methods of punishment used over the years and the Latin roots of capita and corpus. There are four primary United States constitutional amendments which safeguard inmates’ rights and how these amendments protect prisoners or inmates. The goals of rehabilitation and punishment, as well as probation and parole, and areas as it relate to inmate as well as for the community. Why is it one of the Colorado prisons important to our correctional system? Why are they compared to Pelican bay prison? Is there sentencing alternatives for the offenders?
According to the California Department of Correction and Rehabilitation (CDCR), Capital Punishment is a legal infliction of death as a penalty for violating criminal law. In addition, throughout history people have been put to death for various forms of wrongdoing. The methods of execution include such as practices of crucifixion, stoning, drowning, burning at the stakes stabbing, and of course beheading. Today, in most states, capital punishment is typically accomplished by lethal gas or injection, electrocution, hanging or shooting by the military under the Uniform Code of Military Justice. But in California, incarceration is preferred method to punish offenders, according to randomhistory.com.
Corporal Punishment is consequent from a Latin word meaning body. Which meant physical punishment and in the past it was very common. In California, corporal punishment has been implemented instead of capital punishment. Prisoners and civil rights activist believed capital punishment is inhumane; people make mistakes and deserve to live rather than lifeless. In the past, corporal punishment was not limited to children and adult use it as well. According to localhistories.org, throughout history until recently most parents hit their children. However in the late 20th and early 21st century, the public opinion turned against corporal punishment and it had been banned since.
Moreover, corporal punishment is best defined as the use of pain, injury, distress or mortification to reprimand unruly or criminal behavior. Also, it has been applied in the context of criminal justice throughout human history. One of the corporal punishments used was flogging since ancient time. Jesus was beaten severely punish by a whip or rod also known as flogging before he was crucified in the cross.
More serious forms of corporal punishment, including flogging, have undergone a restoration in certain countries such as Islamic areas that have experienced new beginning in fundamentalism. Meanwhile, corporal punishment satisfies for payback and is seen as a just certain kinds of offenses. In addition, advocates of corporal punishment argue that it is more...