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What Is The Function Of The Sign At Cana In John 2:1 12?

7053 words - 28 pages

The Function of the "Sign at Cana" in John. 2:1-12In the Gospel of John, John writes about the seven "signs" that Jesus preformed for the duration of his public ministry. John uses the seven signs to lead up to the climax of Book III, "The Book of Glory". John additionally uses the "signs" to construct his bases for establishing Jesus is the Messiah, the Only Son of God. He ingeniously selected these particular seven signs to do this and acknowledges Jesus has done several more signs; however, ascertains these seven to be most proper. Before getting started, one must comprehend why John was compelled to label the altering of water into wine a "sign" and not a miracle. A sign, defined by McKenzie, "is the symbol which indicated the existence or the presence of that which it signifies; it directs the attention to the reality signified"2. A "sign" is a type of a miracle, except it personifies and emphasizes the spiritual truth of Jesus Christ. John is not bothered with the results nor bothered with precise particulars during these events and therefore, "sign" is an appropriate word. 3The synoptic gospels and the gospel of John both have John the Baptist present in their stories. However, John the Baptist does not baptize Jesus nor is Jesus baptized in the gospel of John, unlike in the synoptic gospels. In the beginning of Book II, The Book of Signs, John the Baptist proclaims "I did not know him, but the reason why I came baptizing with water was that he might be made known to Israel".4 John could not bestow the first gift, the gift of the Holy Spirit, the gift God bequeathed to Jesus to give to man by means of baptism. John the Baptist baptized with water to show the significance between his and Jesus, and that it is through the gift that forgiveness of sins for man are possible to absolve. Therefore, John the Baptist's baptism is a baptism in which purification is given to prepare those for the emergence of the Messiah when he baptizes with the Holy Spirit.Moreover, in John's gospel, John the Baptist states when asked by the Pharisees and Sadducees, that he is not the Messiah, Elijah (God promised through the prophet Malachi), nor a prophet (promise that a prophet parallel to that of Moses). John the Baptist explicitly proclaims he is none of the above; however, says God has indeed given him an important mission.6 "Never does John make his own person the center of his mission but rather he witnesses to another"; John the Baptist does this in order for Jesus to be recognized.7 John the Baptist replies to the Pharisees and Sadducees saying, "I am the 'voice of one crying out in the desert, "Make straight the way of the Lord,"' as Isaiah the prophet said".8 Once more, John the Baptist reconfirms his position that he is merely a voice, a voice proclaiming the arrival of Jesus, the Son of God.John the Baptist's positive testimony below establishes the creditability of Jesus:"The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him and said, "Behold, the Lamb of...

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