What Is Understood By The Term ‘Sub Roman’ Britain?

2394 words - 10 pages

The term ‘sub-Roman’ Britain is traditionally the name that refers to the period of British history that loosely charts from the end of Imperial Roman rule in AD 410 to the arrival of Saint Augustine and his Christian missionaries in AD 597. However, the date for the definitive end of the period is arbitrary as sub-Roman culture continued to develop in the country that would subsequently be known as Wales and similarly in the west of England in areas such as Cornwall and Cumbria. The term ‘sub-Roman’ has become synonymous with this period due to the classification of pottery from this era by archaeologists as degenerate forms of Roman craftsmanship. However, To say that sub-Roman Britain was simply Roman Britain in decay is to overlook both its achievements (monasticism, penitentials) and the continuity with its Roman (Latin education, Mediterranean trade) and Celtic (La Tène jewelry, the bardic tradition) past. The Focus of this essay shall be to assess the period to understand and consider the legitimacy of the term “Sub-Roman” Britain.
Several terms to describe Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries have had a popular and reinforced usage throughout the history of scholarship. Apart from being known as objectively as two centuries between the end of Roman Imperial rule and the return of christianity, the period may also be considered a part of the early Middle Ages, if continuity with the following periods is stressed. Popular (and occasionally some academic) works use a range of more dramatic names for the period: the Dark Ages, the Brythonic Age, the Age of Tyrants, or the Age of Arthur. The term “Post-Roman” is emerging as the preferred form of classifying this confusing and enigmatic time as it is more sensitive to the true identity and understanding of Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries. ‘Post-Roman’ mainly deals with non-archaeological contexts that apply to the old Roman province of Britannia, i.e territory south of the Forth-Clyde line that was part of the Roman Empire from AD 43 to 410. It is during this period that the largest Arthurian legends have been attributed and thus mysticism and myth have come to define the time and its culture. ‘Sub-Roman’ has endured as the title of this era due to the limitations of both the historical and archaeological evidence that have made it difficult to discuss any person, place, or event in sub-Roman Britain with confidence. Therefore we are left with cautious and colorless models that admittedly lack the appeal of Arthurian romance. In order to understand the term ‘Sub-Roman’ Britain, however, we must deal with two of the often most difficult types of contextual evidence: literary, and archaeological.
The written sources available for the ‘Sub-Roman’ period are so sparse that the vacuum created by a lack substantial evidence has encouraged this pejorative term to prosper. In comparison to other areas during the same span of time, such as Frankish Gaul or the Byzantine East, Britain is...

Find Another Essay On What is understood by the term ‘Sub-Roman’ Britain?

What do you understand by the term least-cost solution and in what sense is it a "solution"?

1180 words - 5 pages . However it cannot buy or build another aeroplane in a short period. The long run is a time period that is long enough to allow for all inputs to be varied. For example in the long run a firm may be able to build more machines and buy more land for storage.The term "least-cost solution" is used by firms who wish solely to profit maximize. The solution devises a technique of production which designates a point that keeps costs at its least to keep

What is meant by the term 'Situation Ethics' and is Love too general a term on which to make Moral Decisions?

2480 words - 10 pages to eat meat (which is indirectly encouraging the meat trade). We make decisions on what we see to be 'normal' in society; which is not always the most loving possibility.After discusses several alternative perspectives, can we now distinguish whether love is too general a term on which to make moral decisions?Love is incredibly vague and differs from person to person. It is perhaps too general a term to make decisions by if love is the only motive; however, it is definitely necessary if we wish to live our lives contently. There is simply more to making decisions than love alone; and one must always consider the cross - culture/ society variations.

What is meant by the term globalization? What are the features of the new global economy? What effects as globalization had on world trade and financial flows?

1259 words - 5 pages The global economy is the world economy. It reflects the total amount of economic activity which can be measured by GWP (Gross World Product) and PPP (purchasing Power Parity). PPP aims to get a more accurate method to compare the value of different currencies. This is done by focusing on the quantity of goods and services that can be purchased by one unit of the currency. For a global economy to exist there should be a rising share of economic

To what extent has Arno Mayer (historian) understood the 'Holocaust'?

2799 words - 11 pages To what extent has Arno Mayer understood the 'Holocaust'?As the sun prepares to set on yet another century of humanity, it is a time to reflect on the hallmarks that have changed our society, either through good or bad. Unfortunately, the event, that produced the greatest change, was also the darkest in our brief history. This event was the 'Holocaust.' Historians, today, continue to puzzle at its origins and have formulated several theories in

The Homeostasis Concept -What is meant by this term, examples of how mechanisms achieve homeostasis, negative and positive feedback

945 words - 4 pages are of negative feedback loops in which any deviation from the set point is made smaller or resisted. Positive feedback is occasionally used e.g. release of oxytocin during childbirth - nerve stimulation caused by the baby's head pushing the cervix, stimulates uterine contractions, causing further nerve stimulation and therefore more oxytocin is released until the cut-off point of birth (Seeley, Stevens & Tate, 2006).Thermoregulation

What is the Exact Meaning of the Term Internet?

1004 words - 5 pages media used with internet being the most popular due to the use of social media. What is the exact meaning of the term internet? Internet has been defined differently by different people. The common definition is that, it is a worldwide group of computer networks connected together through media in which they enable users to share information and other resources. To allow the sharing, they use protocols like TCP/IP which are set rules that govern

What is The Best Long-term Treatment for Depression?

2008 words - 8 pages simply did not see it coming. Perhaps if we as individuals understood the contributing factors and symptoms to look for, we may be able to save our own lives and those of people we love. In addition to suicide, untreated depression can lead to co-morbid mental disorders. This means that what was once simply depression developed into multiple disorders such as, depression and anxiety. When depression and anxiety mix there is a greater chance for

The Interactions between Short-Term Memory and Long-Term Memory: What is the Messaging Protocol?

2060 words - 9 pages The Interactions between Short-Term Memory and Long-Term Memory: What is the Messaging Protocol? 1. Introduction Computers store data in memory, and simulate human memory when they achieve this. It might be easy to predict the mechanism of how computer memory works, but the function of human memory is much more sophisticated. Basically, the role of memory is to retain information, store them and retrieve when it is necessary. According to Bunuel

What is meant by the term 'process theology'? Who are some of the theologians who have taught it, and what are their main views?

1510 words - 6 pages In our present sense of the term, our spatio-physical epoch will pass into the background of the past, which conditions all things dimly and without evident effect on the decision of prominent relations (Whitehead 1938: 155).Process Theology is a term that encapsulates a movement largely associated with the Christian faith which advocates the idea that reality is influenced by the past and is subject to flux and change. This includes human

What do you understand by 'Ostalgie' and to what extent is the term appropriate to describe Wolfgang Becker's Good Bye, Lenin!?

2313 words - 9 pages Germ10311:Contemporary German Culture 7027318 What do you understand by 'Ostalgie' and to what extent is the term appropriate to describe Wolfgang Becker's Good Bye, Lenin!?Ostalgie is composed of the two German words Osten and Nostalgie. Osten refers to the former German Democratic Republic and the meaning of Nostalgie in English is the sentimental memory of or longing for things of the past in a fairly general sense. This longing for the days

• Describe in detail what is meant by the term “service-oriented architecture” and discuss what challenges it presents to a systems developer

613 words - 3 pages is passed in xml format or JSON format, which is rapidly gaining popularity. Since the services are loosely coupled, changing a service or replacing it with a new service implementation or the provider (third party solutions) will not affect existing services, if the new service adheres to the standardized service contract with the consumer service. The scalability of a service can be improved by moving a resource intensive service to a suitable

Similar Essays

What Is Meant By The Term Hegemony Hull College Essay

941 words - 4 pages , followed by imperial. In his view the transformation proved to be fatal and eventually led to the fall of the Roman Empire. His book is an implicit advice[according to whom?] to Washington to continue the present hegemonic strategy and refrain from establishing an empire. In 2006, author Zhu Zhiqun claimed that China is already on the way to becoming the world hegemon and that the focus should be on how a peaceful transfer of power can be achieved

What Is Meant By The Term "Unconscionable Contract"?

4311 words - 17 pages Review Act does two things:1. It describes the criterion by which the operation of the Act is activated, namely, a contract or a provision of a contract, which is 'unjust'. 'Unjust' includes 'unconscionable, harsh or oppressive' and 'injustice' is construed in a corresponding way.2. It sets out the relief, which may be granted in respect of an unjust contract or provision.The term 'unjust' was selected in preference to 'harsh and unconscionable

What Is Meant By The Term Structuralism? What Is Saussure's Structuralist Theory Of The Sign?

1903 words - 8 pages What is meant by the term 'structuralism'?What is Saussure's Structuralist theory of the sign?It must at first be stated that the term 'structuralism' is not only applicable to literature, but also philosophy and psychology, and many of the social sciences. It is important to acknowledge this since thorough out the essay references will be made to as many of these disciplines as possible where appropriate. 'Structuralists' will look at 'surface

What Is The Design Of Roman Cities?

779 words - 4 pages Cities are built in different ways and one Question I have always wanted to know is what is the design of roman cities. This paper will tell you the answer to this question in form of three other questions. How did they build their cities? Why did they build them this way? and Do we still build cities this way? When the Romans built their cities they always added aqueducts. They also made almost everything out of concrete and started using