What is your understanding on Chinese and western definitions of management?
With the emergence of the globalization, the world is increasingly connected. Especially in terms of business. With the internet, you can buy products everywhere in the world. Moreover, some multinational companies use work division in their activities. As we can see in the Apple company, multinational companies have them headquarter in their home country, buy raw material in other, produce in another one and sell their products around the world. Thus, globalization is a good thing for the entire world.
But sometimes globalization can create conflicts because of cultures differences, especially in business, in terms of management. There are more foreigners employed in multinational companies, and it’s not always easy to be performant if you don’t know the cultures differences to integrate these new foreign workers. In fact, the way of working and thinking are different from one country to the other.
Today, the most differences cultures are the Asian and Western culture. This is the reason we will talk about our understanding of these both management.
First, I would like to define the principle key word of this question. Management means the supervision of an establishment, whether it be a business, a non-profit-making organization, or a government institution. Management consist of the activities to setting the strategies of an organization and synchronizing the work of its employees (or of volunteers) to achieve its objectives through the application of available resources, such as financial, natural, technological, and human resources. The term "management" may also refer to those people who manage an organization.
Larger organizations generally have three levels of managers, which are classically organize in a hierarchical, pyramid structure:
· Senior managers, such as members of a Board of Directors. A Chief Executive Officer (CEO) or a President of an organization, set the strategic goals of the organization and make decisions on how the overall organization will operate. Senior managers provide direction to the middle managers who report to them.
· Middle managers, examples of which would include branch managers, regional managers, and section managers, provide direction to front-line managers. Middle managers communicate the strategic goals of senior management to the front-line managers.
· Lower managers, such as supervisors and front-line team leaders, oversee the work of regular employees (or volunteers, in some voluntary organizations) and provide direction on their work.
In smaller organizations, an individual manager may have a much wider scope. A single manager may perform several roles or even all the roles commonly observed in a large organization.
In a second time, I want to define the Chinese and Western management’s point of view. We will begin by the Chinese management point of view, and then we will talk about the Western point of view.