This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Happened To Women In Myanmar?

1558 words - 6 pages

Statistics from the World Bank and UNICEF have shown that female population in Myanmar is about 51.5% in 2012 and adult female literacy rate (2008-2012) is about 95.8%. (Trading Economics) (UNICEF) Moreover, the percentage of female undergraduates and postgraduates at universities and degree colleges is about 60% (283120 out of 470912) in 2012 under department of higher education for Lower Myanmar. (Myanmar Ministry of Education) From the above statistics, it is obvious that women are quite comparable with men in Myanmar. However, based on the UN Gender Inequality Index 2012, Myanmar is ranked at 80 out of 148 countries. (UN Data, 2012) So this paper mainly explores what happened to women in Myanmar.
Research Methodology
Before conducting any research, we have to understand the structure of Ministry of Education in Myanmar. There are two different departments of higher education in Myanmar; Lower and Upper Myanmar. Upper Myanmar includes Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Sagaing, Magway, Mandalay and Shan States and Lower Myanmar regions are Bago, Tanintharyi, Mon, Rakhine, Yangon and Ayeyarwady regions.
After understanding about the education structure in Myanmar, I had used Myanmar Ministry of Education as my primary source. There are total of 113 institutions in Upper Myanmar whereas only 70 institutions in Lower Myanmar. There are about 82% of female teachers (9051 out of 10960) in Lower Myanmar which shows that the majority of teachers in universities and colleges of Lower Myanmar regions is woman. (Myanmar Ministry of Education, 2012) In Lower Myanmar regions (2012) females earned 65.2% for bachelor’s degree, 80.5% master’s degree and 76.4% for doctor’s degree compared to males. Based on my primary source, there are more numbers of educated females than males in Lower Myanmar. However, there is no data of students and teacher proportions available for Upper Myanmar region.
Although there are generally more educated females than males, there are still fewer females' labor force participation. In 2010, female vs male ratio for labor force participation under 25-54, 55-64 and 65+ years old age groups is 90 vs 97, 65 vs 80 and 26 vs 42 respectively. (International Labor Organization)Then, where are the educated women working? Or are they still in Myanmar? As there are only 4.6% of females taking seats in the parliament 2012, the educated women are obviously not in the parliament. (Empowering Women for Stronger Political Parties: A Guidebook to Promote Women's Political participation UNDP and the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, 2012) According to UN Population Division in 2010, there are about 19% of females’ migration compared to 18% of males’ migration under 20-39 age group and there is an equal percentage (13%) of males and females migrated under 40-64 age group. It seems like some educated women might migrate and there will be a brain drain which is not good for the development of Myanmar. Myanmar’s 2013...

Find Another Essay On What Happened to Women In Myanmar?

What Happened to the Novel? Essay

1139 words - 5 pages In The Quiet American, by Graham Greene, there is a close-up look at the involvement of America in the war between the French, Communists and the Vietminh. One of the main characters, Alden Pyle, is in Vietnam to offer aid and who really shines a light onto how terrible American foreign affairs can go. The novel causes readers to question what really happened during the war and the betrayal of those involved in the affairs concerning the war

What Really Happened to Alice Essay

1888 words - 8 pages What Really Happened In Wonderland... It was a bright, sunny day in the Red Queen’s rose garden when all of a sudden I heard my name being called. “WHERE IS THAT WHITE RABBIT?!” yelled the Queen. “Oh no”… I thought. I felt myself being pulled out of my hiding place from under the bushes. “There you are” the Red Queen scowled. “I need you to fetch me a girl named Alice and bring her back to me immediately” she said again. “Alice?” I managed to

What happened to our society?

589 words - 2 pages , work, and money, but that doesn't mean I didn't have a childhood, in fact if I could go back I would give anything too,when I wouldn't care what I looked like all the time, didn't even know what "drama" was. So why do we wanna be grown ups so much? Why do kids that at 15 drink and smoke and think its cool? Why do they question and break laws that are most likely there to protect them and the rest of the world?At age 16 your issued your driver's

What happened to being equal?

1549 words - 7 pages The American Dream was the main reason that the pilgrims decided to come to America in the first place. The idea of being able to all start from one place and work your way up to the top based on the effort that you put in. That’s what we all believed, isn’t it? The idea that every person has equal opportunity in work, education and resources so that success is earned in an upward mobile fashion. This dream was derived from the United States

What Really Happened in 1492?

996 words - 4 pages Przekwas 1Mary PrzekwasOctober 20, 2014What Really Happened in 1492?The Columbian quincentennial in 1992, the 500th anniversary of Columbus's voyage to North America, sparked a national criticism over the true history of Christopher Columbus. History textbooks have relentlessly taught American schoolchildren that Columbus was a heroic explorer whose daring, perseverance, and navigational knowledge led to the 'discovery' of America. However

What happened to all the nice guys?

703 words - 3 pages ultimate rejection of him is to thank for that. And I'm sorry that it took the complete absence of "nice guys" in your life for you to realize that you missed them and wanted them. Most women will only have a handful of nice guys stumble into their lives, if that.So, if you're looking for a nice guy, here's what you do:1.) Build a time machine.2.) Go back a few years and pull your head out of your ass.3.) Take a look at what's right in front of

What Really Happened to the Dinosaurs?

1322 words - 5 pages that the remaining dinosaurs were hunted and killed to eliminate threats to humans and their livestock. Before the flood, the Earth was supposed to be perfect. After it, the climatic changes would have been too much for the dinosaurs to survive. (Ron Hutchinson et al., August 20, 2013) Both the religious and scientific evidence for their extinction is very strong which is why there is still not a decision on what happened. In my opinion, the

What Really Happened to the Dinosaurs?

903 words - 4 pages There's always been a dispute between science and religion. It's something that can't be helped, and they are the same in many ways. Most people don't see why they have to fight all the time over who's right and who's wrong. When it comes to things like the dinosaurs, theres going to be some kind of tussle because no one really knows what happened to them. The religious view points toward Adams sin being the reason the dinosaurs were wiped

What Really Happened to the Dinosaurs

949 words - 4 pages There are many arguments over what happened to the dinosaurs. Scientist have one theory and religions have others. Scientist mainly believe that what killed the dinosaurs was a massive meteor. Religions, however, have theories that say everything from bloodshed and disease to Noah’s ark and a massive flood. In my opinion, the scientific theories seem more realistic and believable. This paper is going to discuss the theories and evidence that

What Really Happened To The Dinosaurs

1036 words - 5 pages preciseThere has been and will continue to be controversy on the topic of what really happened to the dinosaurs. Some say that the dinosaurs lived at the same time as man, while others say that they died millions of years ago. There is evidence to support both however. In the Bible there is evidence and in the scientific community there is evidence. Unless someone builds a time machine, we will never truly know what happened to the dinosaurs. Both

What Really Happened To The Dinosaurs?

1062 words - 5 pages In Theory, there a infinitely many possibilities of what really happened to the dinosaurs. Every scientist, and every religious group say they have an idea of what really happened. But how can we tell whether they are wrong or right? We can’t. We can only make a guess, or believe what we want to believe. Religious people have their beliefs and the scientist have their beliefs too. We, ourselves have to decide on which ones we want to believe

Similar Essays

What Happened To Amanda? Essay

1094 words - 5 pages always felt like someone was watching her every move. That’s why she asked Stephanie and Amber to stay at her house at night. It just didn’t feel right. “Hey Amanda! Why are you walking around?” Amber asked as she walks up to Amanda. “Hey Am. I’m just walking around. Just thinking.” Amanda whispered. “Amanda, you’ve been my BFF since we were divas in diapers. Tell me, what happened. I know something happened. Don’t tell me nothing happened. You

What Happened To Jimmy Hoffa? Essay

980 words - 4 pages There have been many assassinations and assassination attempts throughout American history. Many of these attempts are specifically aimed at political leaders such as presidents, governors, military leaders, and other types of political leaders. Many times, a political leader will be missing and many theories pop up that try to explain what happened and why. One such case would be with the famed Teamster Labor Union President, Jimmy Hoffa. There

What Happened To Common Sense ?

532 words - 2 pages What Happened to Common Sense: Jena LouisianaWhat is society coming to? When does the race card expire? It is ludicrous that anytime a charge is leveled at a black, it is because he/she is black. That story is getting old and stale. They have tried 11 and 12 (white) year olds as adults, but the only reason they tried 17 year old Mychal as an adult is because he is black. Sure, got it. I am so sick of this every step taken forward towards an end

What Has Happened To Lulu Essay

1244 words - 5 pages What Has Happened to Lulu?Louise Middleton, or Lulu, as she was fondly called by her mother, had been sitting on the hill for over forty minutes now. She bit her lip and found herself glancing around every time she heard a noise. Her fingers twitched and her heart was racing. Her mouth had turned dry but she forced herself to swallow. Suddenly, a shadow appeared on the ground in the distance. It began advancing towards her, growing longer and