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What Opportunities Existed For African Americans In The Usa During The 1920's In The Former Slave Owning Southern States And North Eastern States?

1021 words - 4 pages

To be African American living in Deep South of America was to have no hope at all. To be African American and living in New England was to have very little hope. The number of opportunities for African American's differed greatly between the previous slave owning Southern states and the industrial states of the North East.In the North East opportunities for African Americans were few but never the less were there. The Renaissance in Harlem shows the great awakening of the repressed African Americans and how they could contribute to the collective American voice. Opportunities that were never available before opened up, whether it was in the new art, music, or literature. Many African American artists and writers were popular and the art industry was blossoming. This time produced some of the greatest American writers at that point, such as Langston Hughes. African American art and music was also popular with people from all ethnic backgrounds but some of it depicted a darker history, showing that suspicions of black people in 1920's were still rife. That has not changed there is still much tension between the races in America.There were however, political action organizations, such as the NAACP, or the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People. These were set up during the 1920's to try and change the rights of African Americans. They united the African American people. This organization was put together to try and campaign for rights of black people and the removal of segregation. This did not come to pass for a few decades, however, until the start of the civil rights movement.In the industrial states of the north east work was also plentiful for African Americans in the 1920's. It was, however, mostly badly paid factory work. They worked in hard conditions and for less then there white counterparts. Many lost limbs or died in these jobs. But, there were many more chances to learn and use a trade for better paid skilled work. The Prohibition of alcohol also gave African Americans many opportunities to work, although illegally. Many of the most successful nightclub owners and manufacturers of alcohol in 1920's America were African American. The term 'bootlegger' came to be used in regards to anyone dealing illegally in alcohol. This image did not help the cause at the time for equality among blacks.The North East states were also popular with African Americans because of their less restricting prejudice towards black people. Although the states still had segregation such as separate drinking fountains, toilets, schools, and were far from accepting of African Americans, they were a lot better than the persecuting states of Southern America. There was no official Ku Klux Klan in the Northern states and the more accepting attitudes of the people of northern states made it easier for African Americans in the north to find opportunities. This stems back to the more liberal traditions and philosophy as to...

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