This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What´S A Literature Review?

2186 words - 9 pages

Introduction
A literature review is a study written by someone on a specific topic by researching relevant literature available and interpreting it (Aveyard, 2010). A research question is developed and by using relevant literature the question is analysed in detail (Aveyard, 2010). The literature review is important because it gives you a shorter version of all relevant literature on the topic chosen, this is so the reader does not have to access the number of literatures used (Aveyard, 2010).

The writer will conduct a literature review on the following hypotheses: Urban Art is reducing illegal graffiti at Albion station, this is followed by the research question: Is urban art at Albion ...view middle of the document...

Drug cartels use graffiti to help get their message across, they use walls, banners or sheets they do this in areas where it is more likely to be seen to help get there message across (Salopek, 2011). Drug lords use this to impersonate political parties and their campaign (Salopek, 2011). This form of graffiti and how it is used is different compared to the Egyptian times, the Egyptians graffiti consisted of markings or drawings on rocks and walls, an example is seen on temple walls where Egyptians and travellers have made their marks, this wall is as long as the Nile (Gopnik (2011).

History of graffiti is seen all over the world in Australia graffiti go back to 1905 where Aboriginal carvings in caves and stone where found these carvings helped to tell the story of the people who had lived in that area (Winchester, Davidson, & O’Brien, 1996). The first signs of graffiti in New York were people from a low privileged background trying to voice the boundaries between race and class (Gopnik (2011). In Libya graffiti was used to express freedom, it was used to voice forbidden thoughts in public but today graffiti is less about politics and religion and more about personal style and art (Gopnik (2011).

Today makers, pens, paint and the most popular material, spray paint, are used to do graffiti. It is more about looking good and artistic self-expression, it can include drawings and words that some people may call art and some may call it vandalism (Gopnik (2011). Defining this will be addressed later on in the literature review.

Types of graffiti
To help understand what graffiti is exactly it is important to understand the different types of graffiti, the types of graffiti also relate to graffiti-related activity; tagger graffiti is done to get peer recognition and status it is often seen in high visibility areas and often involves slogans or numbers (Morgan & Louis, 2009). Gang related graffiti is more territorial it usually involves a symbol or stylised lettering in order to claim that a gang owns that neighbourhood (Morgan & Louis, 2009). Political and religious graffiti involves a view of a particular person this is expressed by a message or comment followed by strong images.

In this literature review and the research that is yet to be conducted the main type of graffiti that will be refered to is urban art, urban art indicates the legal form of graffiti and is done with consent, it is done by a skilled individual and may also be classified as art (Morgan & Louis, 2009). By avoiding the term graffiti and calling this type of graffiti urban art helps to clarify the difference between graffiti art and vandalism (Morgan & Louis, 2009). Urban art may be classified as creative and may improve a certain space while other types of graffiti such as tagging doesn’t have much purpose therefore removing that type of graffiti and punishing the person under the act is appropriate, but there still seems to be a blurred line between what is accepted...

Find Another Essay On What´s a Literature Review?

What´s a Cyber Relationship? Essay

1765 words - 8 pages there’s an addiction to forming Cyber Relationships in Singapore today? If so, what is the extent of Cyber Relationship Addiction in Singapore today? How does this form of addiction affect us in our daily lives? Why do we choose to allow Cyber Relationship Addiction to take place? We will be exploring and answering these questions in the Literature review, with reference to relevant academic sources.   Literature Review What is the extent of Cyber

What´s a Cochlear Implant Essay

2547 words - 11 pages . These two researchers developed new devices that would be implanted behind one’s ear to give them the ability to make out sounds. In 1972, a speech processor was developed to work with the House 3M, a single electrode implant, which was first to be marketed commercially. Throughout the 1990’s, many science studies have resulted in the success of implant technology dealing with cochlear implants. Electrode and speech processors now produce coding

A Literature Review on Post Occupancy Evaluation

2061 words - 9 pages Introduction: Through out this essay I will conduct a literature review on post occupancy evaluation, to give the reader and myself a better understanding what A Post occupancy evaluation (POE) is. I will also look into how it works for different people involved with the building and what benefits it may have for both the client and the users of the site. I will be looking for research to back up the use of this particular way of gathering

Laws governing unmanned aircraft: A Literature Review

1616 words - 7 pages Reform Act of 2012. If current laws governing unmanned aircraft usage by law enforcement are left unchanged, then the Fourth Amendment rights of Americans will be violated. Literature Review State v. Brossart is the first known case involving evidence from an unmanned aircraft. Brossart’s attorney Bruce Quick condemned his arrest because the Grand Forks police used a Department of Homeland Security Predator UAS to survey the Brossart property to

Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: A Literature Review

1162 words - 5 pages Assessment. Egyptian Journal Of Neurology, Psychiatry & Neurosurgery, 50(3), 241-247. 5. McCrae, N., & Elliott, S. (2012). Spiritual experiences in temporal lobe epilepsy: a literature review. British Journal Of Neuroscience Nursing, 8(6), 346-351.

Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: A Literature Review

1326 words - 5 pages with a Network of Gray Matter Atrophy in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy with or without Hippocampal Sclerosis. Plos ONE, 9(1), 1-9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0085843 4. Manal M., E., Asmaa M., E., Emaan, H., & Eman M. Abdel, H. (2013). Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Memory Based Cognitive Assessment. Egyptian Journal Of Neurology, Psychiatry & Neurosurgery, 50(3), 241-247. 5. McCrae, N., & Elliott, S. (2012). Spiritual experiences in temporal lobe epilepsy: a literature review. British Journal Of Neuroscience Nursing, 8(6), 346-351.

Incumbency Advantage - A Full Literature Review

2132 words - 9 pages In the current literature review, eight sources were cited, discussing the role of incumbency in the re-election process. Historically, incumbents are rarely defeated for re-election. The research in each of the articles describes the advantages of being an incumbent. Most sources collected data from congressional elections, although some statistics were gathered from local elections. Overall, the research suggests being an incumbent does

A Review of the Literature on Marijuana

3267 words - 13 pages A considerable amount of literature has been published on cannabis specifically marijuana. These studies classify marijuana into three species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis. In fact, Cannabis sativa is the most widely used and recognized among the other species due to its ability to produce more fiber and oil. For many years, the plant has been used for making clothes as well as lighting and soap. Nevertheless

Literature review of the articles "What kids (really) NEED?" by Nancy Gibbs and "A Quest For a Super Kid" by Jeffrey Kluger with Alice Park

849 words - 3 pages What do kids really NEED? Some mothers drop them off at a day care center to earn money so the child can supported but some mothers stay home with the child to give the child it needs to be ready for school and the child's future. Two articles were published on Time Magazine. As an article by Nancy Gibbs, "What kids (really) NEED?" and another article by Jeffrey Kluger with Alice Park, "A Quest For a Super Kid" published on the 30th of April

The Meaning of Diversity Among the Professorate—A Literature Review

671 words - 3 pages The Meaning of Diversity Among the Professorate—A Literature Review Different aspects of diversity in higher education are an ongoing topic of debate. In order for us to address the issue of diversity, we need to understand what diversity means. This paper reviews a study used at the University of Florida to assess their faculty’s meaning of diversity. It also looked at the faculty’s openness to diversity and the effect diversity has had on

Parental Involvement in Early Education: A Review of the Literature

2282 words - 10 pages student’s academic achievement, there is still a great deal of inconsistencies in empirical data to support the claim. In conclusion, I would have to agree with the study of Fan and Chen. From the information collected for this literature review alone, there are many inconsistencies as to what relationship, if any, parental involvement plays in the academic success of a student. Regardless of inconsistencies in supporting data, however, most

Similar Essays

Writing A Literature Review

1022 words - 4 pages Writing a literature reviewIt is impossible to be dogmatic about the form and content of a litereature review; it depends somewhat on the topic. You do now have to follow my recipe slavishly; intelligent dissent is admired and encouraged.A literature review that is part of a thesis is different from what you are doing as part of coursework: A thesis literature review culminates in research questions and hypotheses on which the research to be

A Literature Review Concerning

1089 words - 5 pages definitions were used for the purpose of this study: 1. Baby-boomer- population born between 1946 and 1964 2. Generation X- Population born between 1968 and 1979 3. Service providers- Agencies and individuals providing medical care, mental health care and other social support services. Chapter Two Review of Literature A problem that concerns American society is how to deal with mental health issues in a

Globalisation A Literature Review

1358 words - 5 pages become so caught up with the latest computer games, movies, comedies and clothing line that they themselves don't even know what it means to a Guyanese anymore. He also went on to elucidate that they were bound to let go of traditions since they have come to accept a culture which appears much more appealing and exciting and more easily adaptable in nature.MEASURES THAT CAN BE PUT INTO PLACE, SO AS TO HELP CURTAIL THE IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION.Kevin

Mental Health: A Literature Review

769 words - 3 pages Running head: Mental health re-hospitalization 1Mental Health Re-Hospitalization 5Mental Health: A Literature ReviewEastern Michigan UniversityVanessa ThreatsThe topic of my primary research paper is re-hospitalization of the mentally ill. How the management of healthcare professionals, and the identification of risk factors can aid in the reduction of re-hospitalization. I choose this topic because I have a son that suffers with mental illness