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What´S A Local Government Essay

1281 words - 6 pages

A local government is a political subdivision of the state, constituted by law and may or may not have substantial or much control over local affairs. “Under the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, all powers not granted to the federal government are reserved for the states and the people. All state governments are modeled after the federal government and consist of three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The U.S. Constitution mandates that all states uphold a "republican form" of government, although the three-branch structure is not required” (State and Local Government 2014)Therefore, Local Governments exercise certain basic powers like police power, and the power to implement social services so as to best serve the interest and promote the general welfare of their respective inhabitants. In order for the autonomy of Local Government to function, the national and or federal government places the power to delegate authority to the state that then transfers these basic powers to the local governments to allow for the inclusion of its constituents in governmental and local affairs by what we call decentralization. Often times the state government divides powers between the local governments which usually include two divisions: municipalities and counties. Counties are usually the largest and broadest geographic area and include many local governments however; a county’s power is very miniscule compared to city government. Generally in North Carolina, local governments do not have the power or authority do anything unless it is explicitly granted or enumerated in the state constitution. Although cities have a large range of delegated authority and counties have the least, the state government would still exercises ultimate authority and supervisions over the city and county governments. So where does this leave Greensboro City government and Guilford County government? Greensboro City and Guilford County government both have authority given to the board of governing peoples by the state, however, Guilford County Government has the broadest amount of power because the primary responsibility of the county government is to enact and uphold state law within county boundaries and borders. Greensboro City has the least authority because their sole responsibility is to act in the best interest of the citizens so the state grants municipalities the power to enact police ordinances, which in turn gives cities a variety of additional ordinances to adopt.
Greensboro City government and Guilford County government are both legal entities with powers separate from one another. Greensboro City is a municipal city incorporated within the boundaries of Guilford County which means that the governing boy of Greensboro City, mayor and board of elected officials, exercises municipal functions. Greensboro city was formed by the state and has the authority and responsibility to serve and meet the needs of inhabitants. In contrast, Guilford County...

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