What´S Behaviorism Theory? Essay

1002 words - 5 pages

Behaviorism is a theory that states that humans and animals can be explained in terms of their behavior without reference to their thoughts and feelings. How a person behaves tells us about the person and thoughts and feelings are meaningless without outward expression. There are two kinds of behaviorism that I will discuss in this essay, Psychological Behaviorism and Logical Behaviorism.

Logical behaviorism is the philosophical theory of behaviorism that states that being in a mental state is the same as being in a physical state. In other words, since all we can know about a person’s state of mind is through their behavior, there is nothing else. Logical behaviorists believe that any ...view middle of the document...

Another person then says they are also experiencing the sensation of the colour red, and again we find the same correlation in their brain state. One might conclude from this that the two correlations point to an obvious connection. But how can I know that my mental state is the same as that other person's? Our descriptions might coincide whilst our actual mental states are qualitatively very different, suggesting no connection between mental and brain states, or at least no simple correlative connection.

Logical Behaviorism does correctly identify the non-contingent, conceptual connection between mental and behavioral descriptions. We learn mental concepts in their application to behavior, and mental phenomena can often be individuated by their behavior rather than by their subjective internal features. So there does appear to be a strong connection between behavior and some mental states and processes, but suggesting that behavior is all that they are seems farfetched.

Psychogical behaviorism is a theory that states that all behavior, in humans or animals, is learned from the external environment. And all behavior can be explained in terms of the environment rather than the internal state of humans or animals. All behavior is learned through classical or operant conditioning. The key psychologists that developed this theory are John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner and I.V. Pavlov.
Classical conditioning was first described by I.V. Pavlov. It is a process through which humans or animals create an associating between a naturally existing stimulus and a previously neutral one which after the process becomes the conditioned stimulus. J.B. Watson conducted the famous experiment on Little Albert who was a nine month old baby. Albert was exposed to a number of stimuli including a white rat, rabbit, monkey, masks and burning newspapers. Initially, the baby showed no response of fear to the stimuli. During the conditioning process, a metal pipe was hit by a hammer when the baby...

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