What Is Behind The Sea Essay

718 words - 3 pages

1. Introduction:
Livelihoods:
“What is a livelihood”, if you were asked to answer such question, how long would you struggle to answer. You may say its “Making a living”, or maybe “supporting a family”, or even “my job”; but actually all of these terms describe a livelihood. Livelihood is well recognized as humans inherently develop and implement strategies to ensure their survival. These terms are threatened, damaged or destroyed. This is when the governments, civil society, and external organizations interfere in Livelihoods and claiming that they are assisting (UNDP, 2010). One definition of livelihood suggested by Chambers and Conroy was as follows:
“A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (including both material and social resources) and activities required for a means of living. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stress and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.” (Chambers & Conway, 1991)
In order to better understand how people develop and maintain livelihoods, developing a Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF). This framework is an analysis tool, useful for understanding the many factors that affect a person’s livelihood and how those factors interact with each other (UNDP, 2010). The SLF views livelihoods as systems and provides a way to understand:
1. Assets that are described by the people
2. Methods that they use to build their lives
3. Based on what is their livelihood developed
4. Factors that affect a livelihood more or less vulnerable to shocks and stresses
Livelihood in Lebanon (Anfeh):
One of the projects that is closest to studying the livelihoods on artisanal fisheries is that by the EastMed; which focuses on the livelihoods of fishermen in the Mediterranean. This project is called “The Socio- economic Analysis of the Lebanese Fishing Fleet. “The objective of their project is to contribute to the sustainable management of marine fisheries in the Eastern Mediterranean, and thereby to contribute to supporting national economies and protecting the livelihoods of those involved in the fisheries sector (Mark, 2013). In...

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