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What Is Critical Thinking Essay

1008 words - 4 pages

What is critical thinking? What is decision making? Is there a relationship between critical thinking and decision making? The answer is yes. Through out this paper I will define what is critical thinking and what is decision making. I will also examine the relationship between critical thinking and decision making.Many schools around the world are offering courses to teach students how to become a critical thinker. Companies are asking employees to take critical thinking class, why is that? It is because everyone realizes the importance of critical thinking. What is critical thinking? Critical thinking is a complex set of cognitive skills employed in problem-solving and intellectual consideration and innovation. In another words, critical thinking is thinking that proceeds on the basis of careful evaluation of premises, evidence, and information and draw conclusions as objectively as possible. Another definition of critical thinking would be it is the ability and willingness to assess claims and make objective judgments on the basis of well-supported reasons. Critical thinking requires thoughtful considerations and examination of all pieces of information, it can be said that it is the ability to look for flaws in arguments and resist claims that have no supporting evidence. A definition given by University of Phoenix's e-textbook, Critical Thinking, is the general term given to a wide range of cognitive skills and intellectual dispositions needed to effectively identify, analyze, and evaluate arguments and truth claims, to discover and overcome personal prejudices and biases, to formulate and present convincing reasons in support of conclusions, and make reasonable, intelligent decisions about what to believe and what to do. Critical thinking is a way of acquiring the habit of precise thinking it can help improve the quality of both professional and personal decisions.On the other hand, what is decision making? Decision making is not merely a process of making a decision rather it is a cognitive processes that reasoning, planning, and judgment are involved. Effective decision makers are able to identify and choose the best solutions among multiple alternatives. From reading the, Judgment in Managerial Decision Making by Bazerman, it is important that decision makers should eliminate biases from their decision-making pattern so that they can become a better decision maker and protect themselves, their family, and their organization from avoidable mistakes.In the textbook of Bateman, Management: The New Competitive Landscape, there are six stages of decision making. The first stage of the decision making process is to recognize that a problem exists and must be solved, in this step in order to reach a solution decision makers must pinpoint the problem area and the root cause of the problem. Merely recognizing that a problem does exist is not good enough, decision makers must willingly want to do something about it and must believe that the...

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