Salvation is the elimination of danger, evil, and suffering through the process of redemption, deliverance, or liberation (Livingston 311). Correspondingly, salvation is the fundamental goal of religion, as it is the process of riding evil and disorder through definitive transformation (Livingston 312). Nevertheless, in religion, salvation can be found in the present life or after life. Therefore, salvation plays a large role in religion in regards to both the whole community and the individual.
First of all, salvation plays a monumental role in religion in regards to the whole community. For example, various religions believe that communal salvation can be attained through the introduction of a holy occurrence or Golden age. To illustrate, ancient Israelites believed in the “day of Yahweh”, which is a “period of unbroken prosperity and glory inaugurated by Yahweh’s victorious overthrow of Israel’s enemies” (Livingston, 317). Today, these manifestations are depicted through resurrection, Heaven and Hell, and immortal life (Livingston 320). Correspondingly, these beliefs stimulate communal morality and order through the need of salvation. To illustrate, the terrible images of Hell and the pleasant imagery of Heaven have initiated societal order as individuals follow commandments depicted by the divine in order to obtain salvation. Furthermore, Livingston states, “resurrection was conceived as the establishment of the righteous in a kingdom on earth” (324). Likewise, in regards to immortal life, the community typically ascertains positive characteristics in order to obtain salvation in their next life.
Second, salvation in religion plays a large role for the individual. Salvation is the ultimate way to reduce pain, anxiety, guilt, and more in individual’s lives. Therefore, salvation plays a large role in religion in regards to the individual as it is the sole eradicator of negative everyday occurrences. However, the ways to achieve salvation have evolved over time, nevertheless, there are four paths to perceive salvation: “faith, the way of devotion, the way of the disciplined action, and the way of mediation and insight” (Livingston 288). While these path can be followed separately, they are typically combined in order to achieve the acquired result.
The first outlook, the way of grace noted in faith, is the notion of mentally believing religion as the truth. Nevertheless, in regards to salvation, faith is the complete embodiment, adoration, and reliance on the divine (Livingston, 289). Faith is utilized an the ultimate means of salvation in Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Protestantism, and some sectors of Mahayana Buddhism (Livingston 289). In regards to Protestantism, salvation is obtained through faith once individuals successfully eradicate all human sin and release the self before God (Livingston 289). According to Dr. Huchingson’s presentation, “Soteriology: Ways and Goals of Salvation and Liberation,” Martin Luther, the...