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What´S In Vitro Fertilization Essay

1026 words - 5 pages

In vitro fertilisation
Infertility, the inability to become pregnant after one year of unprotected intercourse, remains a problem that is faced by many people. In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is one of the several assisted reproductive technologies (ART) used to help infertile couples to take in a child. IVF is a process of fertilising eggs with sperm outside of the human body. Once the eggs are fertilised, the resulting embryos are placed in the woman’s uterus in the hope that a successful pregnancy will follow. IVF is the most effective for of ART. With the IVF process, sperm fertilise the egg in a laboratory, rather than inside the woman’s fallopian tubes. Your chances of having a healthy ...view middle of the document...

A type of sterilisation in which the fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy. Having below average sperm concentration, weak movement of sperm, or abnormalities of sperm size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilise and egg. Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions.
Process of In Vitro Fertilisation and embryo development includes of 7 steps. First step is Ovulation Induction and Monitoring. Hormone drugs are given to the woman to increase the number of eggs developing in her ovaries. Fertility doctors keep an eye on the egg’s development by using the results from blood tests and ultrasound scans. At the maturation of the eggs is triggered by another drug so the doctor can retrieve the woman’s eggs at the right time. Usually the eggs will be used fresh, but sometimes eggs are frozen to be defrosted and used later. Secondly, Sperm Collection, a sperm sample is produced by the man and given to the laboratory. If a man does not have any sperm in his semen, sperm can sometimes be surgically retrieved. Sometimes the sperm will be used fresh, and sometimes it will be frozen to be thawed and used later. Thirdly, Egg Collection, The doctor uses an ultrasound scan and a long needle to collect eggs from the ovaries. This procedure takes about 15 minutes and pain relief is used to help with any discomfort. Next, Fertilisation, the embryologist takes the eggs and sperm and places them into solution containing nutrients in a Petri dish, which is placed in an incubator. If a sperm joins the egg, fertilisation has occurred. After, Embryo Development, all going well an embryo will develop. Embryos are then cultured for a further 1-5 days. During this time a series of checks helps identify the embryo(s) with the greatest development potential. Embryos may be left to develop or frozen to be thawed used later. Then, Embryo Replacement, the embryo continues to develop into an...

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