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What Is Terrorism, Who Conducts It, And The Intended Target

1579 words - 6 pages

In today’s world, terrorism is not an un-known word; terrorism can be tracked back to early recorded history. Nevertheless terrorism definition is universally hard to define (Brown, 2008).

Every individual’s definition of terrorism is different some describe it as a strategy and tactic. Another will describe it as sacred obligation, some will say it’s a justified stand against domination. Obviously, it depends on whose point of view is being represented (Brown, 2008).

However, Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT define terrorism as: The use of power or violence against individuals or property for the purpose of personal or political gain. Majority of terrorists use violence and threats to generate fear among the public, Convincing the public that they are helpless against them and not even their government can prevent them from the intended terrorism. Terrorism acts can range from bombing, hijackings, kidnappings, cyber attacks, murder (Hafez, 2006) . Terrorists have access to illegal fire-arms, chemical, biological and nuclear weapons. Majority of terrorist attacks are done only for publicity to show the world that there is a new group on the world map (Hafez, 2006).

John T Rourke a prominent academic scholar of international politics has collated together the majority of popular common useful definitions of terrorism, He identifies terrorism in five (5) categories as:

A political terrorist act: An act committed with an objective to cause a political unrest. An accepted universal statement that “ war is the only resolution by any means” a statement that terrorists live by (Rourke, 2008).Terrorist’s in the political act simply work towards eliminating and breaking apart the steps and policies put in place by governments and their armed forces. The intent of the terrorism is only towards the political system (Rourke, 2008).

A psychological terrorist act: An act that is systematically planned to cause psychological effect (Rourke, 2008). This sort of terrorism act is simply towards a targeted audience rather then an actual target its indented for ( Country leaders). The terrorists target unsuspecting audience which could be the population as a whole, or social minorities (Rourke, 2008). Terrorist in the psychological act simply want to cause fear to mentally torment its target (Rourke, 2008).

A coercive terrorist act: An act that uses violence and destruction, it does not necessarily mean that the terrorists operation will lead to fatalities or destruction of a building or society (Rourke, 2008). The terrorist get their pleasure from the intent of the threat and violence. For example, a successful high jacking taking place may result in all hostages being released safely after dialogue and bargaining has taken place to reach a mutual understanding (Rourke, 2008). When the threat of violence is not feasible, or the terrorists are unable to practice their force or violence effectively, the terrorism fails...

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