What’s the purpose of testing military nuclear power? It is true that most of nations may not be able to understand the purpose of it because there are some risks if the testing is conducted. For example, if nation tested nuclear devices, nation may be criticised from other nations due to danger of nuclear power. However, even though the testing is risky, some nations may decide to test nuclear power for some reasons in order to justify the testing.
The case in India is no longer exception. The world was shocked by India as three underground nuclear devices were tested on May 11, 1998 and two additional nuclear devices were tested by India two days later (Perkovich 1999). As a result, India was criticised by some countries such as the United States or Japan and imposed sanctions due to the testing (Mohanty 2013). In response to India’s testing, five nuclear devices were tested and another nuclear device was exploded later by Pakistan (Mohanty 2013).
Even though India had some risks such as being imposed sanctions from other countries due to the testing, why did India decide to test nuclear devices? If India tested those devices openly to other nations, India would have more risks because the testing would be easy to be recognised by other countries and those nations would punish India easier.
I claim that it was inevitable to test military nuclear devices openly in 1998 and there are some reasons why for its test and those reasons can be connected to some concepts of realism. Those reasons are political background, military power, and international relationship with other relevant countries such as Pakistan, China, and the United States. Moreover, this paper will apply some concepts of realism such as political autonomy, survival, and self-help to each case study. In conclusion, this paper will show a brief overview of important points by reflecting the reasons and the concepts of realism.
Realism is one of major theories of world politics and used for explaining some cases of international relations. According to Baylis, Smith and Owens (2013, p102), ‘Realism has been the dominant theory of world politics since the beginning of academic International Relations’ and ‘Outside the academy, realism has a much longer history in the work of classical political theorists such as Thucydides, Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau’. Baylis, Smith and Owens (2013, p102) also explained realism by showing that ‘The unifying theme around which all realist thinking converges is that states find themselves in the shadow of anarchy such that their security cannot be taken for granted’. Therefore, realism can be one of theories of world politics to explain some reasons why India decided to openly test military nuclear power in 1998 because the theory is traditional and some concepts can be applied to this case study.
Political autonomy is one of objectives of realism and can be related to the reasons why India tested...