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What Shapes Societies Essay

1663 words - 7 pages

One of the most debated questions of our time asks: What shapes societies more, Science or imperialism. These subjects both hold a tremendous weight on the path of which societies are created, but only one has had the most dominance; not one or the other. Imperialism is the domination of one country over the other, but in the core beginnings of humanity, dominance between countries was nonexistent. There were no empires to dominate; the only necessity was sustainability. Science was used through the beginning, middle, and will be used till the end of time. While it may seem to some that imperialism has shaped societies more, it is actually true that scientific discovery has played a ...view middle of the document...

7 million square miles and included most of southern Europe (History). To ensure effective administration of this sprawling domain, the Romans built the most sophisticated system of roads the ancient world had ever seen (History). Highways allowed the Roman legion to travel as far as 25 miles per day, and a complex network of post houses meant that messages and other intelligence could be relayed with astonishing speed (History). Rome was the epitome of how science changed society. Strategic mapping of specific locations, countless hours of paving roads, and finding in the shortest route to connect each place was all because of science. Imperialism was rabid in the Roman Empire and it was Rome’s most renowned subject. If science was not there to pave the road for a quick attack, the chances of imperialism in Rome would have been severely diminished. Roman networking could relay messages, get troops to a place quickly, and would allow for safe, easier travel. A complex society like Rome would not be able to function without a road system. Science was a major role in elongating Rome’s Empire.
The livelihood of many people’s lives, along with government structure, relies on new discoveries and creations. Although the past had a deep reliance on science and technology, the present has even more dependence on science. The innovation of medicine has played an integral role in our lives. People depend on medications to alleviate headaches, to cure life threatening diseases, and to stop cancer. Science has and will always save lives while imperialism requires one country to conquer the other, which kills lives. Science saves billions while imperialism kills millions. Science gives the military the power to protect our great country. Without it, the military could not protect us without the technology that is readily available to them. The development of a liquid hydrocarbon fuel could one day relieve the military’s dependence on oil-based fuels and is being heralded as a “game changer” because it could allow military ships to develop their own fuel and stay operational 100 percent of the time, rather than having to refuel at sea (Ibtimes). This genius military idea will be a great asset for the Navy and that will allow for the protection of our country. Science makes great defense systems to protect ourselves. Without it, invasions would happen more frequently, and invasions are known to collapse even the strongest of societies, but now with science, fear is instilled within other nations that do not have that type of power. This allows for an elite group that has science to have imperialism.
The strongest nations had the power to utilize imperialism to its maximum. Strong nations that historically have more power tend to be frequent advocates of imperialism. The British are a great example of this because they have tried to expand their rule throughout many countries. They do this to maintain the highest amount of competition in the global market...

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