The Law Of Japan Essay

872 words - 3 pages

Japanese the collection of dataThe foundation of the law of today's Japan is made, making the law of the European countries after the Meiji era into a model. A law older than the law of today's Japan, for example, the law of the Edo period, the Kamakura period, or a legal codes of the Nara and Heian eras time, is not used today. There is nothing like a Japanese style law. If it says, all today's laws will be Western style. However, the law is processed so that social environment of Japan may be suited. Today's Japan is realized on the law and realized also according to the traditional customs.There was a law unique to Japan in early Japan. The oldest law in Japan is "the constitution of 17 articles." This is the first text code in Japan. The contents were mental attitude as a government official, respecting Buddhism, and obeying the Emperor. As a supplement, Buddhism was told from China and, as for this time and the Nara period, the Buddhism idea was circulated among aristocrats.There was "Taika Reform" in 645. A law of Japan began to be influenced of China after it. "Taiho Codes" are codes which are the beginning in Japan with a criminal code and Civil Code. It was made in 701. This system of the Ritsuryo legal codes was used being improved until the Kamakura government was founded. Since population increased and fields became insufficient, the government formed the cultivation plan in 722 and the land law was taken out at the next year. The contents of this land method were what secures possession of the land after (possession and three generations) the land to the person who opened arable land newly. The government abolished the land method and took out the new land method in 743. Then, the "samurai law" was made in the Kamakura government. It was made on the basis of the "reason" which is the feature of samurai society and had also taken in traditional law. The Kamakura government finished, and the law was used even if the Muromachi government was born. It was used while it was also improved too. Although the Muromachi government had commanded Japan with power for a while, the revolution the "Onin War" happened. For the reason, most power of the Muromachi government was lost. And Japan went into Sengoku, the Age of Civil Wars, and generals made original law in various places. While the Age of Civil Wars, Hideyoshi Toyotomi unified Japan in 1586. And he took out the law which deprives a farmer of weapon in 1588. He made the law which orders a samurai's retainer so that it may become a farmer...

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