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What Kind Of A Disease Is Alcoholism, The Symptoms, How It Progress And Where It Comes

1098 words - 4 pages

What Kind of a Disease is Alcoholism?"According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), about 17 million people - more than 10 percent of the adult population - drink too much or are unable to control their drinking"("Alcohol".) In addition, about 53 percent of men and women in the United States report that one or more of their close relatives have a drinking problem ("FQA - Alcohol"). The percentage increases as the alcoholics increase every year. Alcoholism, which is also known as alcohol dependence syndrome, is a widespread problem, which can happen after a month or years of drinking. Alcoholism is characterized by craving, loss of control, physical dependence, and tolerance. It is a disease that gets worse the more the person keeps drinking. Without treatment by trained people, it can destroy a person's mental and physical health and lead to death. ("Alcoholism: Getting the Facts")."Alcoholism is a disease of the mind and body similar to other diseases like cancer" (Hudman). The progression of the disease is so slight and usually takes place over such an extended period of time like after months or years of drinking. Because of the period of time it takes, the alcoholic loses the point that he/she loses control over himself/herself. Just like cancer, alcoholism is a disease that gets worse the more the person keeps drinking in a period of time. As the alcoholic increases the amount of alcohol, the symptoms become more obvious. According to NIAAA, the symptoms are:* Craving: A strong need, or compulsion, to drink.* Loss of control: The inability to limit one's drinking on any given occasion.* Physical dependence: Withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety, occur when alcohol use is stopped after a period of heavy drinking.* Tolerance: The need to drink greater amounts of alcohol in order to "get high" ("FQA - Alcohol").According to Goodwin, most of the alcoholics drink alcohol because it makes them feel good and it helps them forget their problems. Furthermore, they like to drink, but after a period of time the like turns out a need. The amount of four on men and five on women seems enough to get drunk at the beginning, but then that amount increases and even ten drinks become insufficient. When this happens alcoholic starts losing control over his body and mind. That is the time that alcoholic looks to life nothing but one more drink (33). "The alcoholic thinks about alcohol from morning till night, and at night if not too drunk, dreams about alcohol" (Goodwin 35). He starts thinking of the possibilities anywhere anytime of the day and night. Then, the alcoholic makes up good reasons to drink. When alcoholics think it is being a problem, they think they can stop anytime, but they never want to! So, they make up reasons that make the day special, so that they can drink more and more.An individual may drink to get over difficult feelings or emotions that are caused by an illness that can be...

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