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What Was Meant By Non Alignment In The Post W.W.2 Period? Is It Still Relevant After The End Of Cold War?

1527 words - 7 pages

Non-alignment after the Second World War can be defined as the countries that were neither supporting Capitalist world nor the Communist Soviet Blocs. Moreover, non-alignment countries in post world war II were also known as ‘Third World’. Some scholars also interpreted non-alignment as countries that are neutral or not ally with any major powers. For instance, country like Egypt. Thus does non-alignment still applicable after the post Cold War 1991? Or is it considered as worthless? Arguably, it is agreed that it is still relevant despite the end of the cold war because; world war III is inevitable and non-aligned movement functions as mediator to retain peace; also the primary objectives of non-alignment movement (NAM) are to consolidate against all forms of expansionism and protect other countries from being dragged into great power alliances as well as foreign offensive; and the triumph of non-alignment movement in solving international conflicts during the Cold War. Conversely, some argue it is redundant in post Cold War as there are no longer divisions of the two power blocs; non-aligned only works in Cold War and not during the aftermath of the Cold War and NAM became handicapped in their movements.
The crucial issue arises after the end of the Cold War is the threats of Third World War. Countries literally aware of the world’s development of mutually destructive weapons such as chemical and nuclear armament. For instance, the continuing of Syria’s civil war and Iran’s development of nuclear weapons. United Nation Security Council (UNSC) and USA had condemned Assad’s Government on applying the chemical weapons on protesters which was contradicting with human rights. In response to this catastrophe, USA and Israel had also made a deliberate plan to avert this persistence damage by intending to enforce an attack on Syria (Holly Yan, CNN). Unfortunately, Syria was apparently an alliance with Iran. Since Iran was the rivals of Israel & USA and possessed the nuclear enrichment, when the USA and Israel deployed missiles attack on Syria, Iran will eventually retaliate and will spark a world conflict by attacking Americans troops in Saudi Oil Fields and Persian Gulf. Inevitably, incite the possible World War III (Hitchcock 2013 : 11). Hence in order to prevent this from occurring NAM is obliged to handle this crisis as the objectives of NAM is to preserve peace and security. Recently, during the 16th Summit of NAM that was held in Tehran between 26th - 31St August 2013, Iran demanded NAM to handle the Syrian conflicts and not the West or United Nations. Furthermore, according to the news from Al-Jazeera and agencies, Ayatollah Khamenei stated “non-alignment movement definitely has more political right than the US, NATO or some European countries to intervene in the Syrian issue”. Thus, NAM is still relevant in post Cold War as it works as an intermediate in thwarting the possibility of third world war and preserve world peace.
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