Revolutionary Europe Research Essay
The Industrial Revolution was a milestone event that saw a rapid change of industrialisation and urbanisation throughout Britain. This essay will look at the historic contribution that lead to the development of the Industrial Revolution and the social and economic stature pre 1750 which enabled the rise of the British nation. We will also look at the effects the Industrial revolution had on a variety of British industries; a variety of arguments that discuss whether the Industrial Revolution was a large scale event or if it was nearly a few select events, and the arguments surrounding the study and classification the revolution; the global interaction that the British Industrial Revolution had with France and Asia and the factors that made Britain progress at a faster rate and in what relation to the other countries; and lastly that combination of factors that contributed to the reason behind why the Industrial Revolution started in Britain.
Pre 1750 Britain was a peasant run country with the majority of the population living and working on the land. There was little to no real economic, industrial or social growth between the 1300s and prior to the Industrial revolution. Production levels were low and what people produced that they didn't use for themselves was traded within their own small communities. (Ayres,1968)
This reliance on local community meant that there was little to no trade between various parts of the country, and what was traded was usually done by travellers or gypsy merchants. With people having their whole livelihoods based on what they produced off the land, their lives were vary dependent on luck when it came to the yield and weather conditions of the season (BBC, 2013). Due to the low level of trade and the lack of wealth peasants lived with a vary basic died of porridge and bread with little meat. At this time fruit and vegetables were seen as something that caused sickness rather than health. This poor diet meant that the health standards throughout the country were very low. Many children would ether die in infancy or not live till the age of ten (Williams,1966). For the rest of the population there was a constant threat of famine and diseases including: Influenza, typhoid, typhus, dysentery and plague. Also contributing to the high death rates in pre industrial Britain was the low level of hygiene. Towns relied on the individual production levels and communal trade in order to address basic needs such as food and clothing. Due to the
majority of the British population being part of the peasant minority there was a very slow level of population growth (Deane,1979). The wealth of the country was divided between the clergy and the nobility and the towns would use land ether in communal areas or under a landlord. Landlords would collect taxes of produce from the people who used the land under their name, and did not pay taxes of their own. With society dependent of peasants...