The Civil War was just the beginning of a very racist turn of events in history, but problems were solved, among many that still ensued. Two notable problems solved would be slavery and the economic disadvantages of blacks. After the passing of the Emancipation Proclamation, to make sure that post-war status in the new United States was settled, the 13th amendment was passed. It states that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction” (Thirteenth Amendment 1865). While it could be said that slavery was simply liberation of blacks, it was much more than simply that. For the first time in generations since their ancestors came from Africa, blacks were free and able to live lives like their white counterparts! While racism still continued and has continued to even today, the emancipation of black slaves was the answer to the hope that many of them had from the beginning. However, there were many new problems created as a result of this, and one of them was the economic status of blacks. Although a minority, the blacks in the United States made up quite a portion of the population.
While slavery was a significant ending to the many problems that the U.S. had, it was one out of many that still needed to be fixed. Among such problems would be racism and housing for blacks. In terms of racism, whites still viewed blacks as inferior people (including Northerners) (Jordan 302). Often, they could only get the lowest-paying jobs and they were believed as a race that could never be social and/ or political equals of whites (Jordan 302). After the Civil War, every black was successfully liberated, but there were so many of them now homeless, and most didn’t know what to do. There was an attempt made to solve this problem, but it was only a minority of blacks that were affected. Field Order #15 from General Sherman was used to give a large amount of land from the Atlantic Coast to free blacks, but it only affected those in that general area (Field Order 15 1865). Therefore, it was a problem in progress of being solved, and it was something that still plagued the government and people of the United States.
While there were conflicts among citizens in the U.S. at the time, the government made many honest efforts to help promote the ideas of freedom. For example, the Freedmen’s Bureau is a very well remembered effort. This organization gave food and clothing to free blacks and poor whites, and it set up more than 40 hospitals, 4000 primary schools, 61 industrial institutes, and 74 teacher-training establishments (Jordan 386). This greatly aided communities of people like free blacks, because it gave them a chance to achieve in life, which could help them persevere in their fight for freedom. This was the contribution of state legislatures toward freedom.
When the Ku Klux Klan attacked blacks to a...