What Were Australia's Fears Of Asian Nations 1900 2000? Give Reasons Why Such Fears Were Perpetuated. Explain How And Why Attitude About Australia's Relations With Asia Are Changing.

1357 words - 5 pages

From 1900-2000 was a period of massive changes. Australia today differs greatly from a century ago and one of the great changes are its relations with Asia.Influenced by other White countries, Australia has always resented non-whites, especially Asians. In 1901, one of the first laws passed by Australia as a nation was the Commonwealth Immigration Restriction Act. This act was encouraged from the late 19th century by the fear of being overrun by the tremendous population from Asian countries, especially China. This is the first time Australia has felt Asian countries as a threat.Australia was also influenced the fear of communism. When China became communist in 1949, they feared that as the most populated country in the world, they would spread communism into Australia. The terms, 'yellow peril' and 'red menace' were used to express Australia's attitude towards China. Their fear of becoming communist caused Australia to enter the Korean War with the US and UN forces in 1953-6, joined the British forces in Malaya in 1948-58 and again in 1962 and also with the US forces in Vietnam in 1964-72.Throughout the 1950's and 1960's Australia again, followed the lead of the US and refused to recognise the existence of China. China was seen as the enemy and the non-communist Nationalist Chinese government was recognised instead and was seen as the true government of China. Although Australia had not official relationship with mainland (communist) China, they were, however, trade relationships. Mainland China became and important market for Australia wool, wheat and other products during these years.In 1904-5, the Japanese victory of the Russo-Japanese War has not only upset Australia but also the rest of the western nations. Through the Japanese unexpected win, they were seen as a powerful nation and by the 1910's Japan had control over Korea and Formosa (Taiwan). In World War I, they entered the battle as Britain's ally. Though they did not play a big role, as being Britain's ally and one of the victors, Japan was awarded one the 'great power' seats on the League of Nations Council. They were also given a mandate over former German possessions in the Pacific, the Marshall, Caroline and Mariana islands. Some saw this new ownership as the start of Japanese plan of expansion in the future. The suspicion was confirmed in 1930 when Japan seized Manchuria, a province in northern China, then attacked and captured the Chinese cities of Beijing, Shanghai and Nanjing. Suspicions were turned to fear when Japan bombed the American Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbour in Hawaii in 1941, (which brought the American to WWII), then invaded French, Dutch and British possessions in SE Asia. As this new threat drew nearer and nearer, Australians had feared the worst after Japan's successive victory in Asia. Finally, surprised yet somehow expected, Japan bombed Darwin and other northern cities. Though they were defeated in the end, Australia was hostile towards the Japanese for a...

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