During the Iranian Revolution, there have been a lot of conflicts with other countries. I think that during this revolution period, the most conflicts involved are with The United States of America, and The Republic of Iraq. Compared to other countries, The US and Iraq interfered with the Iranian Revolution the most and they had played important roles in Iran’s history.
The Islamic Republic of Iran and The Republic of Iraq disliked each other from a long time ago, even sometimes today. The Iran and Iraq border does not allow pedestrian trespassing, the Iraqi soldiers stand in a whole line guarding the Iraq side at the border, and Iranian soldiers stand in a whole line guarding the Iran side at the border. Unlike the border between Holland and Belgium, which is just a line on the ground that separates the two countries. But before this border established, the two nations always fought for more land from the other, and once the Ottomans and Iran united and fought Iraq for full control of the Arvand Roud/Shatt al-Arab waterway, they won the war and had full control of the waterway all the way until 1639 when both nations signed the Treaty of Zuhab, which established the borders between Iran and Iraq.
As the two nations got along with each other after signing the Treaty of Zuhab, later on in 1955, both nations joined the Baghdad Pact. After 3 years of signing the pact, in 1958, the overthrow of the Hashemites in Iraq brought a nationalist government to power and they abandoned the pact. The relationship between the two countries went downhill and they were the worst enemies until 2003, the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime led to the normalization of the relationship between Iran and Iraq. And from 2003 to January 2010, Iran and Iraq have signed around 100 economic and cooperation agreements. Since 2003, Iraq has allowed Shia Muslims from Iran to make pilgrimage to holy Shia sites in Iraq.
Another major conflict between the two nations was the Iran-Iraq War, or the First Persian Gulf War. It lasted from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the 20th century’s longest war. The Iran-Iraq War began when Iraq attacked Iran from both air and land on 22nd September 1980, and followed a long history of border disputes. Iraq took advantage when attacking Iran, since they attacked them when the Iranian Revolution of 1979 was still going on. Iraq took advantage of Iran’s revolutionary chaos and attacked Iran without a formal warning. The Iraqi Air Force launched air strikes on ten Iranian airfields, with the goal of destroying the Iran Air Force. The attacked damaged some of the Iranian Air Force Bases, but they didn’t destroy a significant amount of aircraft. This was the start of the war. As in the book we have read, “Persepolis”, we know that the Iraqi Air Force bombers had bombed Marjane’s neighborhood and the bomb landed right next door to their house, this was also showing that Iraq was taking advantage while the Iranian’s were protesting to replace the...