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What Were The Main Reasons For The Beginning Of The Cold War Between The Usa And The Ussr From 1945?

1784 words - 7 pages

The Cold War wasn’t a physical war fought between two opposing sides. Instead it was the name given to the relationship between Eastern European countries and Western European countries along with the USA. This “Cold” relationship between the USA and the USSR commenced and developed after World War Two. Although, naturally, one would expect these two allies during the war to have a strong, pleasant relationship with one another, this was not the case; there was a growing rivalry between the two instead. My essay will explore the ideas and causes leading up to the Cold War, and will conclude on the main reason for the beginning of the Cold War.
The USA and the USSR were two supreme powers after winning the Second World War. Together, they could have accomplished great things. However, with the vast majority of their ideology behind economics and politics at variance, there was no chance of the two cooperating or accepting each other’s ways of life, instead it intensified the rivalry between the two nations. This was, without doubt, the most significant cause of The Cold War. The forms of government in both nations clearly portrayed their philosophy. The USA was, and still remains, a capitalist democracy consisting of rich and poor people; private property; and the belief that opportunity is more important than equality. People in the US also had individual rights such as freedom of speech and the right to vote in free elections. In contrast to this, the USSR had a communist dictatorship. It aimed to maintain the same standard of living for everyone throughout the nation, even though it was not of a particularly high standard. The Soviet system of government also disallowed the ownership of private property, and believed that its people had a duty to the state rather than themselves. Unlike the USA, the Soviet Union thought that equality was more important than opportunity. Still, some individual rights were taken from people, under this form of communist government, such as the freedom of speech, and though they had the right to vote, there was only one political party they could vote for; communists. The rising suspicion, combined with the differences in their beliefs was a long term cause of the Cold War. Although it had no direct impact which triggered the Cold War, it did affect the relationship between the USA and the USSR to a great extent, and was therefore an underlying cause of the Cold War. The conflicting views of communism and capitalism were just the beginning of the increase in distrust; which could not be resolved as neither would come to a mutual agreement on which system of government was superior. This had a number of bad consequences on all shortly after, one of which was the creation of the Iron Curtain.
The Iron Curtain wasn’t a physical object. It was a division between Eastern Europe (countries under communist rule) and Western Europe as well as the USA (independent/capitalist countries). The imaginary border divided...

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