This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What Are The Causes Ff Stress At Work? Why Ought Hr Managers Be Concerned About Stress? What Have Organizations Done About Stress?

3076 words - 12 pages

This essay will examine the causes of stress in organisations in relation to theories regarding workers characteristics and working conditions. Legal, economic, psychological and ethical reasons will be shown as reasons why human resource managers should be concerned about stress. Finally, examples of what organisations have done to manage stress will be discussed, with reference to the organisations of Bradford & Bingley, Lothian & Borders Fire Service and Somerset County Council.Stress is a state, not an illness and can be defined as "the adverse reaction a person has to excessive pressure or other types of demand placed upon them." ( Events which cause stress in our personal life and working environment are called "stressors" and can lead to painful emotions like anxiety, depression, anger and aggression and cognitive impairment and physical illness both minor and severe (Smith, Nolen-Hoeksema, Fredrickson & Loftus, 2003). People's reactions to stressors, termed stress responses, differ significantly due to individual factors and their ability to cope and balance demands which makes stress hard to measure. Cooper & Cummings (1979) state that: "stress is any force that puts a psychological or physical factor beyond its range of stability, producing a strain within the individual".Two theories concerning the cause of stress at work focus on:1. The importance of worker characteristics2. Working conditionsAccording to one theory, individual differences such as personality and coping skills show that some people are more resistant to stress than others. Friedman & Rosenman's (1974) study on patients with coronary heart disease identified people with Type 'A' and Type 'B' patterns of behaviour. Type 'A' individuals are highly competitive and aim to achieve. When confronted with delays or perceived incompetence they become angry and impatient. Type 'B' individuals can relax without feeling guilty and work without becoming agitated. The results showed that Type 'A' personalities were hyper responsive to stressful situations although behaviour patterns of Type 'A' individuals is consistently found to predict career success (Steffy, Shaw & Noe, 1989), therefore if an individual wishes to remain healthy, the cost to themselves may be lack of promotion or in today's financial climate, possible redundancy.Individuals with higher scores of hostility traits were more likely to have higher blood pressure, heart-rate and secretions of stress related hormones, than those participants with lower levels of hostility (Raeikkoenan, Matthews, Flory & Owens, 1999). Similarly, a study by Kobasa, Maddi & Khan (1982), showed that executives whose attitude towards life was more optimistic and who rated higher levels of involvement, feeling of control and had more positive responses remained healthier over time than other than those who had a lower score on those dimensions. Therefore, individual traits may increase or...

Find Another Essay On What Are The Causes ff Stress At Work? Why Ought Hr Managers be Concerned About Stress? What Have Organizations Done About Stress?

Stress Essay

833 words - 3 pages should encourage themselves to do things that bring themselves joy. The most detrimental stress is when people focus on the negative aspects of their life. These people never realize how blessed they are to have what others die for. Most people who have a lot of stress think too negatively. The solution to this problem is simply thinking more positively. Instead of thinking of why an event happens, be happy that it wasn't fatal and that

Stress Essay

2598 words - 10 pages Stress In this essay I will be talking about stress, what it is, what causes it, the coping methods and what illnesses are related to stress and answering the question; can stress kill? Stress is one of those terms that is frequently used but is very difficult to define. The dictionary defines stress as; pressure, tension and strain. (The Oxford Popular dictionary


676 words - 3 pages What issues can be a sign of stress in the police profession and what could be done to help prevent it? All aspects of any job can be stressful. There are several different factors that can cause stress. The cause of stress in the police profession is characterized by job related stress and fatigue. According to Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary (2013), stress in general is a physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily


586 words - 2 pages called stressors. Stressors vary in harshness and duration. For example, the responsibility of caring for a sick parent may be an ongoing source of major stress, whereas getting stuck in a traffic jam may cause mild, short-term stress. Some events, such as the death of a loved one, are stressful for everyone. But in other situations, individuals may respond differently to the same event—what a stressor is for one person may not be stressor for

Stress - 1847 words

1847 words - 8 pages at least four types of stressors that we deal with on a daily basis. They are physicochemical, social, biological, and mental stressors. These four stressors work together as a team to cause each of us unwarranted stress. Stress is such an automatic process and reaction for humans; that throughout ones daily activities, most people may not even be aware of what types of stress they are submitting to their bodies. A physicochemical stressor is


1409 words - 6 pages a normal part of everyone’s life; and is not a disease. It is not necessarily good or bad; however, reactions to stress can be harmful. Lack of time puts the stress on many students, and causes students to often procrastinate because they are constantly trying to meet deadlines and they don’t have the time to work on their assignments. Many students feel their grades are important; they need plenty of time to work on their work so they can do

Stress - 1603 words

1603 words - 6 pages stress in ones life due to personal reasons or due to organizational reasons should be managed.1. Become aware of your stressors and your emotional and physical reactions.Notice your distress. Don't ignore it. Don't gloss over your problems.Determine what events distress you. What are you telling yourself about meaning of these events?Determine how your body responds to the stress. Do you become nervous or physically upset? If so, in what specific


1368 words - 5 pages people with low risk of coronary heart disease; Type B’s tend to work steadily, take a relaxed approach to life and be eventempered. 4/ Consequences of distress: •     Physiological consequences: Stress takes its toll on the human body. Cardiovascular disease represents one of the most disturbing effects of stress in modern society. Strokes and heart attacks are now leading causes of death. In addition, hypertension is


842 words - 3 pages of chemicals called endorphins into the blood stream. These give a feeling of happiness and well being; and the happier a student is, the more confidence they usually have in themselves. Thirdly, nutrition plays a big factor when dealing with stress. The saying "you are what you eat" is a true statement. If a student eats healthy and nutritious food, then chances are that they will be more energetic and motivated to do things.On the

Stress - 818 words

818 words - 3 pages capabilities/capacities.Stress is a: ?Funny? emotion!! Or Like a fire (enjoy its glow or fan them into huge fire).Most of us handle routine stress readily. We can resolve our feelings and dissipate the tension. What is stressful for one person, however, may not be for another. Therefore it may be counter productive to tell someone not to worry about a situation, if we don?t consider the same situation as stressful. We all react to situations


1124 words - 4 pages Driscoll of Fox Business believes finding the "balance between school and personal life takes discipline and strong time-management skills" but, because not everyone is cut from the same stone transitioning can be quite difficult and stressful for some. Adding up all the different causes of stress on college students ultimately affect their chances of completing with a degree in a prospective field along with determining whether or not the life

Similar Essays

Stress At Work Essay

1859 words - 7 pages and the conditions of work. Views differ on the importance of worker characteristics versus working conditions as the primary cause of job stress. The differing viewpoints suggest different ways to prevent stress at work. According to one school of thought, differences in individual characteristics such as personality and coping skills are most important in predicting whether certain job conditions will result in stress-in other words, what is

Stress Essay 607 Words

607 words - 2 pages , your (school/work) friends automatically become like you. A stressed person has a bad influence on the work/school atmosphere. A lot of friendship have broken down because of excessive stress. Ending It is said, that stress is the most common "illness" at the moment. I am not of the same opinion. As I look at it, everybody reacts different to stress. While some people become aggressive and nervous, other people may be equally serious in

Stress Essay 2056 Words

2056 words - 9 pages loved one, changing jobs, moving houses, and sending a child off to college are examples of life changes that can be stressful. Next is money or financial trouble is a common source of stress. For example are credit card debts, not making rent, inability to provide for a family and not being able to make ends meet can put a serious amount of stress on a person. In social issues, the first problems are personal beliefs where arguments about personal

Stress Essay

948 words - 4 pages can eat you alive. Emotional stress is the feeling of having nowhere to turn like you’re stuck in a corner and can’t get out. It may be because you have a lot on your plate and feel stuck under everything you have to do. Reasons why this happens are very common. You can’t see it because it’s a feeling, it’s not something you can physically see or hold. This is the stress that can make you feel frustrated and worked up for no reason and just want