When Was The United States Army Forced To Withdraw From Vietnam?

1652 words - 7 pages

The Vietnamese war was fought between mainly the Americans and Vietnamese, and occurred from 1959-1975. During the ‘Treaty of Geneva’ in 1954, the French Indo-China was split into four countries: Laos, Cambodia, North Vietnam and South Vietnam, though the elections to unite the North and South Vietnam was set to be in 1956, but this was not agreed by the first president of South Vietnam named Ngo Dinh Diem. On the other hand, a North Vietnamese leader named Ho Chi Minh wanted to outspread communism throughout both North and South Vietnam. The Americans greatly opposed the idea of communism and believed it was their duty to avoid other countries to turn out like China and Russia. Though Ho ...view middle of the document...

This was dissimilar to the Vietcong weapons.

An example of this was the superior M16 rifle provided to each and every American soldier whilst the Russian AK-47 rifles were supplied to each Vietcong member. The M16 were faster, quicker and definitely more efficient than any old rifle the Vietcong had, but what the Americans did not understand was how impractical it would be for a Vietcong member to have an M16 rifle. Due to extreme conditions the Vietcong have to undergo, including the damp underground tunnels as part of their guerrilla tactics, an M16 would not be able to cope with such conditions, though an AK-47 has all the capacities needed for any Vietcong soldier. AK-47s were easy to fix and simple, which was quite necessary especially in the Vietcong background where most of the members were illiterate, unlike the Americans. AK-47s could even fire in damp areas, which came to use as most of the day they spent underground. At the very beginning of the war, the Vietcong had to mostly use simple weaponry like spears, but as time went by, the Vietcong used any unexploded pieces of bombs and any captured weapons by the American to improvise and come up with their own weapons, such as the pineapple bomb (which would place plastic bits into American soldiers, and would die easily due to the little amount of knowledge set by the doctors about removing these bits of plastic). Not only did the Americans use rifles, the American army also equipped themselves with B-52 bombers, in which each plane contained 35,000 tonnes of explosives that could easily damage any Vietcong supply line. Even with a heavy load given by the bombs, these planes could still manage to travel at 650 miles an hour. Helicopters were also used as a proficient way to getting to their base and patrol point and vice versa in no time at all. In addition to that, helicopters were also used to bring in the wounded to the safety of the base, and so received practical medical care. The Vietcong were not offered any of these advantages. They did not have a practical air force and neither were they provided with a helicopter ride to their destination. The wounded Vietcong mostly died due to the slow and ineffectual services. In addition to quick response to the injured, the Americans also had some of the best food and entertainment supplies back home. Although their home was 12,000 miles away, they were still hugely supplied with beer, ice cream, steaks and many of the luxury that they were provided with at home, including entertainment required thanks to the big stars in Hollywood. On the other hand, the Vietcong were only supplied with bikes and trucks run along the Ho Chi Minh trail (which goes through jungle and other countries such as Cambodia and Laos, but which is bombed regularly by the Americans) as well as the source of food provided by the South Vietnamese civilians. Even with the supplies given, they still have to go on with very little meat, vegetables and rice, though the...

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