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Whether Slaveholders Were Able To Enslave Africans Both Physically And Mentally.

1072 words - 4 pages

"The Southern Slave owner was able to imprison both the mind and body of his slaves" Evaluate the following statement.The white slave master wanted nothing more than to be most productive businessman he could. In order to accomplish this goal, the master needed slaves as a cheap and invaluable source of labor as a mean towards prosperity. This meant that they would do any and all the steps required to ensure that this continuous chain of free labor and immense wealth continued. Slave owners used both physical and psychological methods to try and control the lives of Africans. Although the Southern Slaves owners were able to control the slaves physically through bondage, slaves overcame the mental anguish placed upon them. Owners had no grip on the mind of their slaves, Africans learned to be mentally independent from their masters and stay strong for future struggles for independence.The body of the African slaves was easily a puppet of the slave owners. The masters enslaving them in the first place, left the blacks with no physical freedom. Being kept on plantations or in the homes of their masters, slaves were not usually able to roam free in town or leave unexpected. Everywhere a slave went his body was under complete control. They could not leave the plantations without the permission of their owners or overseers. If seen in town, the slave would need to provide a note from their master to continue their trip or be severely punished. In the plantation field slaves were kept under the careful watch of either the master or an overseer so that no one could escape.A major technique of controlling the bodies of hundreds of slaves was through physical abuse, usually done by the whip or switch. This tactic relied on the principle of fear, where the slaves would live everyday in constant fright of being whipped for the slightest thing they did wrong. Owners then used this against the slaves, making them do harsh and almost nonstop labor. Female bodies especially were under the irrefutable control of white masters. Countless slave women would be raped, clearly showing the physical dominance the owners had over their slaves. Fear was furthermore brought out when owners threatened to sell slaves on the auction block or even murder them. The final destination of a slave all depended on the choices made by the master. One could have easily been sent to a new plantation, away from a possible family, friends or spouse, in which the slave had no say on the matter.(Doc 3) The body was manipulated to only serve the white slave master, helping to make him exceptionally wealthy.The mind of a slave was a target of equal importance for the slave owner to conquer and control. If able to control the mind, it was thought the slave would then enslave himself and would no longer need to be watched over. This complete control was wanted greatly by the Southern Slave owners, however was never achieved. The slaves' mind was too strong and determined to give in to the...

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