Which Leader Best Carried Out The Ideals Of The Russian Revolution: Lenin Or Stalin?

1329 words - 5 pages

The Russian Revolution as a whole was completely built around Marxism and the Marxist theory. This theory instructs that a perfect political system is reached when every single citizen of a nation has the same amount of property as every one of his fellow citizens. This system can be achieved by creating a Dialectic. A Dialectic is when a thesis (in this case the upper class society) is combined with an antithesis (in this case the lower class society) to form a synthesis (an overall middle class society). This would eliminate every kind of class struggle and make everyone an equal member of a country, both socially and politically. In Marxist terms, this equality is known as "freedom for all". Throughout the Russian Revolution, there were many powerful leaders which tried, through force, to install a new political system based upon the Marxist theory, called Communism. Although the leaders were fairly successful in their undertakings, they sometimes forgot about the basic principles that had been set up to make Communism a total success. In this essay, I will try to distinguish the better communist between the two most famous revolutionary leaders of Russia: Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin.The Bolshevik party was a small party when it seized power. It had to adopt strong tactics to maintain its power. With Lenin as its leader, the Bolsheviks adjusted their policy to solve the needs of the people in order to stay in power. The Bolsheviks changed their name to Russian Communist Party of the Bolsheviks in March 1918 when the seventh Congress of the Bolshevik Party was held. As soon as Lenin came to power, he passed a series of decrees to satisfy the immediate wants of the Russian people. These included giving land to the peasants, giving control of the factories to the workers, the introduction of 8-hour day, repudiation of foreign debts and secret treaties, and the beginning of an effort to make peace with Germany. The decrees that legalized the seizure of land by the peasants and allowed workers to control the factories won most support from the people as their life-long wishes suddenly came true. Lenin understood that many Russians had hoped for the election of a Constituent Assembly. In November, the nation-wide election for the Constituent Assembly was held. The Bolsheviks won only ¼ of the votes in this election. After the Assembly had sat for one and a half day, Lenin ordered the Red Guards to disperse it by force.After winning the Civil War between his "Reds" and the "White" Social Revolutionaries, Lenin saw that Russia was in a deep economic crisis. The first and most important problem facing him was to restore order and wealth out of the immediate social and economic chaos. In agriculture, the peasants did not show any motivation to grow their crops anymore, as their produce was confiscated immediately to feed the town workers and the soldiers. Some rich landowners refused to hand in their crops to the soldiers. From 1918...

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