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White Robed Racists Essay

1202 words - 5 pages

Lynching’s, bombing, assassinations, and shootings are a few of the many ways that a secret White supremacist group otherwise known as the Ku Klux Klan used to bring terror to the hearts of Civil Rights Activist. “White power, White pride, Worldwide” was an iconic motto for the Ku Klux Klan. Ironically, in To Kill a Mockingbird Bob Ewell seemed to follow the motto, making you wonder, was Bob Ewell a member of the Ku Klux Klan? Bob Ewell’s constant suppression of Tom Robinson led to Tom’s imprisonment and finally death (Lee). The suppression of Blacks is characteristic of the Ku Klux Klan’s ideology. The Ku Klux Klan was a complex organization that affected the Civil Rights Movement; the Klan had many goals, terrorized many people, and left a deep impacting result on the lives of many people.
The Ku Klux Klan emerged in two phases from the South during the Civil Right Era with goals to destroy the Civil Rights Movement. Initially “a prankish social organization in Pulaski, Tennessee” formed by “six former confederate army officers in 1865” (Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia), “quickly turned violent” (Leonard) over political direction. The Ku Klux Klan started as fun and games but over time it turned serious. First it started with pulling pranks on African Americans, and then it turned to hurting and finally killing them. Tennessee was the ideal place for the Klan to gain power as Tennessee was known to have a high concentration of Blacks, and came up with many Jim Crow Laws. “The second Ku Klux Klan was organized by William J. Simmons, a Methodist minister in 1915” (“Social Causes”), also had many goals, one of the main being to maintain “White supremacy” (John) and to prevent “the rise of former slaves to a status of civil equality.” The second Klan was much smarter and highly developed. They used recruiters, held public meetings, and parades to attract attention. They had members from the South, as well as from the West and Midwest (Leonard). The second Ku Klux Klan that emerged around Atlanta was also a violent group and used physical abuse to maintain “White supremacy” (John). Another way this organization operated was by electing Klan officials into the government and corrupting it by passing laws favoring White supremacy. Both the first and second Klans with a third Klan that emerged for a short time also from the South, “used white robes and hoods with the main goal of hatred of races mainly Blacks and to destroy the Civil Rights Movement” (“Social Causes”).
The Ku Klux Klan affected the Civil Rights Movement, the main aim of the Klan was to suppress Civil Rights Activist and oppress the Black race. “One day Mrs. Ashe came home to find human feces smeared over the side of her home. Shortly after that a cross was burned in the yard of another Black family. KKK was scratched on the hood and the side of the car of another family” (Ebony). The feces smeared on Mrs. Ashe’s home represent how the Ku Klux Klan terrorized the general public....

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