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Who Costa Rica Essay

1452 words - 6 pages

Topic one: Equitable Distribution of MedicinesThe Universal declaration of Human Rights indicates that the access to health care is one of the most basic human rights. People should have equal access to medical treatment, pharmaceutical products and medical facilities. However, in many developing countries, the social health care system is not benefitting their people. The process of medicine production-distribution circulation becomes more and more complicated, which directly cause the unaffordable price of medicine. Even in some developed countries like United States, without health insurance, it is hard for people to pay for their medical expenses.Costa Rica has one of the best health care system in Latin America. Many countries have not update their National Medical Policies in the past five year. In Costa Rica, both public and private health systems are constantly being upgraded-new hospitals, new equipment, and improvements in staff training. The health care system is formed by public health systems- Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social (CCSS), and private health care-Clinica Biblica, Hospital CIMA, and Hospital La Catolica. Because of Costa Rica's high ranking healthcare, people have equal access to medicine and other medical facilities at most of time. [1: "Costa Rica." - Health Care. N.p., 21 Feb. 2012. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <http://costarica.com/relocation/health-care/>.]There are plenty of cases can show that the high price of medicine keep people from getting equal right of health. To improve this situation and achieve the four concepts of consistently available medicines-Affordable prices, sustainable and adequate financing, and reliable health care and supply systems, we need to change the medicine circulation system from the root. [2: "Access to Affordable Essential Medicines." N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Nov. 2013. <http://www.who.int/medicines/mdg/>.]First, the supply system needs to be improved in many developing countries. When the supply transcends need, the price will decrease naturally. However, most developing countries are focusing on the development of industry and economy. Their medicines rely on importation. In order to make profits, the large pharmaceutical companies in other countries sell medicines in a high price. Government could subsidize local medicine companies, encourage people to buy medicine that produced locally, and starts some medical research program in universities to attract more people who have talent in this field.Secondly, the lack of competence in the final segment of medicine distribution also causes high price. In many countries, hospital's pharmacies not only sells prescription drugs. And people are used to buying medicine in hospital after they see doctors. To avoid this situation, there should be added more private retail stores. The competence between private stores and hospital pharmacies could hold the medicine price reasonable. At the same time, the government should also enhance the...

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