Who Had Greater Success In Solving The Problems Of The Russian Countryside, Alexander The Second, Alexander The Third Or Stalin?

1422 words - 6 pages

Throughout the reign of the three Russian leaders mentioned in the title, the Russian countryside was backward often not being able provide enough export capital to remove this backwardness. In each reign on occasions the Russian countryside failed to feed the population. It was sometimes rebellious and desperately poor and miserable -although historians debate to what extent.Alexander the 2nd, like his father before him saw Russia's agricultural backwardness as a great if not the greatest problem of Russia, the solution to which was the abolition of serfdom. Alexander hopped for production in the countryside to rival that of the western nations to secure Russia's international power and significance that had been so damaged after the Crimean War. Releasing the serfs from their ties to the nobility was the first step in the process of modernizing the countryside and was arguably an admirable act of compassion. The peasantry was now supposedly 'free' from oppression by the nobility supposedly preventing revolt and 'free' to better themselves socially and economically without the restrictions and distractions of serfdom.Yet Emancipation was only one step in the solution no matter how historic for Russia. Emancipation had severe limitations shown by the civil unrest in all but one of the provinces affected by the reforms after their declaration. The system of land distribution by the Mir left little incentive for investment and self-improvement of the land, stifling the entrepreneurialism so central to a modern (by capitalist standards) agricultural system. The peasants often had too little land to grow enough to support themselves or sell at market. The nobility were still (even after their free labour force-the serfs had gone) reluctant to invest in more profitable practices and uses of their land as the English nobility had done in previous centuries. The Nobility still partly controlled the peasantry through there dominance of local government.After Alexander's assassination all the problems mentioned in the introduction still existed. Emancipation may not have 'solved' the problems of the countryside but had put in place the necessary conditions for these problems resolution. It would be up to Alexander the second's successors to build on Alexander the 2nd's work and improve the lives of the peasants in the interests of the stateUnder Alexander the third many of Alexander the second's reforms were seen to be abandoned or undone. The nobility for example gained a greater control over the peasant's lives through land captains and even greater control of the zemstva. Education for the lower classes was restricted. Farming methods were not significantly improved.Russia seemed to be diverting from the path of modernisation set by the west and followed by Alexander the first.However this 'abandonment' of reform was perhaps only a change of direction rather than a reactionary retreat. This so-called 'abandonment' by the Tsar didn't create the civil...

Find Another Essay On Who had greater success in solving the problems of the Russian countryside, Alexander the second, Alexander the third or Stalin?

Outline the problems facing the Tsarist regime during the reigns of Alexander III and Nicholas II. How successful were they in tackling these problems?

1311 words - 5 pages The tsarist regime had many internal problems during the reigns of Alexander III and Nicholas II. These include: economic repression, lacklustre political and social reforms and large cultural diversity. Alexander III and Nicholas II both had differing complications within the aforementioned problems and thus it becomes possible not only to outline but to conclude how successful they were in attempting to deal with them.The economy of Russia

Assess the success and failure of two rulers of single party regimes, each chosen from a different region, in solving the social and economic problems of their countries.

544 words - 2 pages 2. Stalin and Hitler both had various successes and failures in solving the social and economic problems of their countries.Stalin successes in achieving his economic goals were quite mixed. Stalin's main goal in regards to Russia's economic problems was to modernize Russia and industrialize because according to Stalin Russia was behind 50 to 100 years in compared to other nations in the world. In the long term Stalin was quite successful in

The Age of Alexander

2201 words - 9 pages time. Although women continued to have a subordinate status, some lucky few of the wealthy and ruling classes, would have the opportunity to become involved in commerce or in intellectual activities. For the most part, however, women had no part in public life. Economics Navigators, who learned, for example, about the North Sea, extended the bounds of the known world. The upsurge of commerce brought a great increase of wealth to

The life of Jane Alexander

1183 words - 5 pages everyday police- and street violence. However, when she moved to city of Braamfontein in order to be closer to her university, she was faced with reality and was directly confronted with these aspects of society. At the same time, the political situation in the 1970's was changing, and black consciousness had become very noticeable - the 1976 Soweto uprising had been an eye-opener for many people. Despite the fact that Alexander, herself, was not

Alexander The Great

1027 words - 4 pages Alexander the Great is, arguably, the most famous secular figure in history. His magnetism in life was rivaled only by his magnetism in death, and the story of his career has evoked vastly different interpretations in his age and ours. Young romantic hero or megalomaniac villain? Alexander III of Macedon conquered all who stood before him, but usually in order to free the lower class. He did more to spread the Hellenistic culture than anyone

Alexander the Great

1304 words - 5 pages wager was madeAlexander took the horse and pointed him in the direction of the sun. He had noticed thatthe horse was afraid of his own shadow. He then mounted the horse and began to ride, tothe amazement of all who watched. When he got off the horse Philip kissed his son.Plutarch also tells of Alexander entertaining Persian ambassadors while his fatherwas not present. When Alexander was 16 Philip left him in charge of Macedon whenPhilip went to fight

Alexander The Great

1380 words - 6 pages left his empire in his own words, "to the strongest. Whether or not Alexander had plans for any world conquering cannot be determined but he had accomplished greater conquests than any before him. He was one of the greatest generals of all time and one of the most powerful personalities of antiquity. He influenced the spread of Hellenism throughout the Middle East and into Asia; establishing city-states modeled on Greek institutions that flourished long after his death. Alexander will never be superior to any man and will remain forever as "the Great" in the pages of History as we know it.

Alexander the Great

1604 words - 6 pages guaranteed immortal fame even at the cost of an early death. Unlike Achilles, who was subordinate to the great king Agamemnon, it was Alexander who was in charge, and it was his personality that kept his army on the march while holding together domains that were very diverse geographically and culturally.” Alexander successfully conquered miles of territory, alas, never fully conquered his father’s love or full approval. King Philip was

Alexander the Great

2587 words - 10 pages had no mercy on them. The city was wiped out of existence. In the spring of 334, Alexander crossed the Dardanelles, (Hellespont), with an army of 30,000 men into Asia. The place of concentration was Arisbe on the Hellespont, leaving Antipater, the general and friend of his father, as his deputy in Europe with over 13,000 troops. Alexander himself commanded about 35,000. Alexander's second in command was Parmenio, who had secured a foothold in

Alexander The Great

1913 words - 8 pages , he won anyways (Alexander the Great: man behind the legend). For example, he was in battles where he was outnumbered three to one but he still managed to win. he also lost 2/3rds of his troop in the desert and still won all of his battles with only one third of his original army. Alexander should not have kept winning by the standards today but that never stopped him. Ashoka's passion for peace made him do all in his power to make his empire

Alexander the greats upbringing

1130 words - 5 pages teaching to help Alexander in battle was to analyse predict then organise. Alexander loved the problem solving of military strategy this is thought be what motivated him to win many battles, using strategy to beat his opponent gave him a rush.After winning the battle of Caronia with the help of Alexander Phillip came home, married and impregnated a new Macedonian wife. This upset Alexander and his mother greatly because if Phillips new wife had

Similar Essays

Alexander Pushkin; The Father Of Modern Russian Literature

1134 words - 5 pages influence people of the time, ultimately it was his environment, the peasants and serfs he spoke to, the politics he was exposed to and the atmosphere of Russian society that had the greater influence. In this case, the poet developed the poetry, based on the effect his environment had on him. Works Cited "Alexander Pushkin." Princeton.edu. Princeton University, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. "Alexander Pushkin's Biography." State Museum of A.S

Alexander The Second And The Title Tsar Liberator

1171 words - 5 pages Alexander the Second and the Title Tsar Liberator In the 19th Century, Russia had no zemstva, very little education, industry and railway building, a biased judicial system and very few freed peasants. Czar Alexander II, who succeeded Nicolas I in 1855, went some ways to remedying these deficiencies through a series of reforms. Alexander II became the great modernizer of Russia, walking a delicate line between

Who Had The Greater Impact On Western Civilization: Charles Darwin Or Sigmund Freud? Takes The Position Of Fread Having A Greater Impact.

1113 words - 4 pages Who had the greater impact on Western civilization: Charles Darwin or Sigmund Freud?Freud did many great and wonderful things during his lifetime. He studied illnesses of the mind, advanced what little we knew at the time, and came to conclusions about things no one had ever thought about before. However, Darwin also did many wonderful and great things. Overall, Freud had more impact on society than Darwin did.Freud did a lot more for us in both

The Success Of The New Deal In Solving The Problems Caused By The Great Depression

1064 words - 4 pages The Success of the New Deal in Solving the Problems Caused by the Great Depression Introduction- In the late 1920’s and early 1930’s the whole of America was in a deep depression and was in desperate need of help. When Franklin D Roosevelt was elected president of USA he came up with the plan of “the new deal” this was a planned guideline to regenerate money and the high standards of living the Americans once had not so