Who Killed Reconstruction? Essay

758 words - 4 pages

Reconstruction has been brutally murdered! For a little over a decade after the Civil War, the victorious North launched a campaign of social, economic, and political recovery in the former Confederacy and to readmit the land in the former Confederacy back into the United States as states. Reconstruction yielded many benefits for African Americans. The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments freed African Americans, made them citizens, and gave them the right to vote respectively. The Freedmen’s Bureau also provided African Americans and poor whites with education, jobs, and supplies. Despite this, Reconstruction was cut short in 1877. The North killed Reconstruction because of racism, negligence, and distractions.
One reason the North killed Reconstruction was their racist attitudes. Freedmen politicians were portrayed as corrupt “fat cats” and caused nothing but chaos and bedlam in the legislatures they served in (Harper’s Weekly, 1874). This showed that the North thought negatively about African Americans. Also, the Boston Evening Transcript stated that, “blacks need a period of probation and instruction; a period...long enough for the black to have forgotten something of his condition as a slave and learned much of the true method of gaining honorable subsistence and of performing the duties of any position to which he might aspire,” (Richardson, 2001). This quote proved that the North was not ready to fully embrace African Americans as equals, and that there was still some racism that existed among Northerners. So, if the North was not racist, the North would have had a more positive reception towards Reconstruction.
The North’s negligence also contributed to the end of Reconstruction. The North had failed to notice many racially motivated atrocities that occurred in the South during Reconstruction The government also gave amnesty to many Southerners. According to Document G, “because of pressure from the Liberal Republican, Congress passed a general amnesty act which restored the right of office holding,” (Stampp, 1967). This “removed the political disabilities from most of the prewar leadership” (Stampp, 1967). Obviously, this was a foolhardy move by the North. The amnesty of Southerners gave racist Southerners another chance to dominate the South with racism and hate. The North also had failed to stop black codes. These laws restricted African Americans’...

Find Another Essay On Who Killed Reconstruction?

North or South Essay

2304 words - 10 pages University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2001. “North or South: Who Killed Reconstruction?”. The DBQ Project, 2009. "Primary Documents in American History." 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). .N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2014 "Primary Documents in American History." 15th Amendment to the Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual

Reconstruction Essay

991 words - 4 pages one week after the Civil War. However, while Lincoln was president, a national debate developed over whether Congress or the President should establish the Reconstruction policy. Andrew Johnson, who became President of the U.S. in 1865, had his own Reconstruction plan, but it turned out to be unsuccessful largely because of the unfair ways in which blacks were treated. According to his plan, pardons would be offered to all southern whites except


1608 words - 7 pages , and work for the willing to freedmen (Document 1). It’s most successful area was education. It managed to establish and maintain many schools for African-American children as well as adults who were eager to learn, as they had not had the opportunity to do so when they were younger. The new Reconstruction policies faced extreme resistance from the southern states, who were still fighting to preserve their pre-Civil War lifestyle. A major example

Debate over if the Reconstruction Era was Failure

1579 words - 6 pages violence being used against coloured individuals. Those who believed in white supremacy continued to act against black Americans, insisting that they have separate institutions that segregated the two races in public services. For example, America, post reconstruction, faced the emergence of racially fuelled gangs, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK), which took it upon themselves to stop African Americans from excising their rights. In order to do so, the KKK

Economic Reconstrucion

2344 words - 9 pages they were enacted. The major downfalls with the reconstruction efforts revolve around the allocation of donor funds, and difficulties communicating with the general Timorese population. A primary criticism is that there was too much oversight on where the administrators or specific modalities could allocate aid. An example of this occurred with the Special Representative of the Secretary General who was given money to renovate UN offices, but

The Other Side of the Enmancipation Proclamation

1465 words - 6 pages americans and killed and tortured them in horrible ways. By 1870, the Ku Klux Klan had branches in nearly every southern state, the groups main object being an underground campaign of violence against Republican leaders and voters in an effort to change the laws of Radical Reconstruction and restore white supremacy in the South.(J.M. Bryant "Ku Klux Klan in the Reconstruction Era.") The KKK’s tactics of political terrorism were effective and set

The Essay is about White Supremacy Groups during the Slavery

697 words - 3 pages first major secret terrorist organizations was the Ku Klux Klan, which originated in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1865. The organization got started by six former Confederate army officers who named the clan after a Greek word kyklos, which means circle. The followers usually wore white robes while the leaders were dressed in black robes, they had cone shaped hats which covered their whole face. Their objective was to destroy the Reconstruction governments

The US Civil War - Reconstruction

1134 words - 5 pages The U.S. Civil war was a time of great distress in American history. The time period following the war is known as the reconstruction period. Throughout this time period many philosophical problems occurred. This was a time when all the causes of the war needed to be dealt with the wounds of our broken country needed to be addressed. Many of the problems that caused the war and that were caused by the war have been discussed and documented in


671 words - 3 pages Reconstruction As we study history many of us find specific aspects that we disagree with and as a result of this we come up with theories that, we believe, would have changed it for the better and avoided such harshness. One of these things that I have found that I disagree with happen during the time period that took place after the conclusion of the civil war, a time period known in history as Reconstruction. During this time period many

Andrew Johnson

642 words - 3 pages Andrew Johnson After President Lincoln was killed, Andrew Johnson became president. Johnson had the task of dealing with the reconstruction of the South. This task included black suffrage. His policy concerning the franchising of blacks was to allow each state to decide. Johnson did not favor blacks being allowed to vote in order to protect the poor Southern whites, but he did want blacks to be able to gain the right with time. The


1560 words - 6 pages In 1865, four million Americans who were called slaves simply because they were born black, were now free with an expectation that they would enjoy all civil liberties. The post-Civil War period of Reconstruction provided freedmen with various rights, but in little over a decade, the promise of emancipation and equal rights was gone, replaced by rigid system of laws designed to keep blacks from experiencing any of their newly achieved rights

Similar Essays

Who Killed Reconstruction Essay

761 words - 4 pages the right to vote. Despite this, Reconstruction was unfortunately cut short in 1877. The North killed Recosntruction because of racism, negligence, and distractions.     One reason the North killed Reconstruction was because they were racist. Freedmen politicians were portrayed as corrupt “fat cats” and caused nothing but chaos and bedlam in the legislatures they served in (Harper’s Weekly, 1874). This showed that the North thought negatively

The Reconstruction Era Essay

1484 words - 6 pages -The Reconstruction Era- By: David LinThe Reconstruction Era took place between 1860 and 1877, the main idea of this period is about United States abolishing slavery, getting rid of Confederacy and reconstructing both nation and the Constitution. While Abraham Lincoln was the president of the United States, presidential reconstruction had begun in each state after federal troops took control of most of the states. During the Reconstruction Era

Reconstruction Essay

1245 words - 5 pages meeting was finished, a crowd of African American people then marched with those people who were at the meeting, and were cut off by former Confederate soldiers and were fired upon (“History of New Orleans”). Another problem that was caused by Reconstruction was the emergence of the Ku Klux Klan, which was founded by Nathan Bedford Forrest, a general in the Confederate army. The KKK was a white supremacist group, which targeted black Americans and

Failure Of Reconstruction For Freed Slaves

1018 words - 5 pages helping the cause for civil right advances. The KKK would burn down businesses that supported equality, even murder or torture white men who were trying to help the freedmen. One very important reason that Reconstruction failed were the “Black Codes”. The Black Codes were a series of laws passed in 1865 and 1866, in former Confederate states, which made the 14th and 15th amendments totally ineffective. Black codes restricted the rights of African