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Who Is To Blame For The Cold War, Soviet Union Or United States?

1411 words - 6 pages

The Cold War was the elongated tension between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. It was a clash of these supergiants in political, ideological, military, and economic values and ideas. The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. The conflict in ideologies between capitalism and communism resulted in one of the greatest conflicts of the twentieth century. Both the United States and the Soviet Union share equal responsibility for the start and continuance foe nearly a half century of the Cold War.The political relations going on in Europe during and directly after World War II had an enormous effect on laying the foundation for the Cold War. The decisions made by the United States in WWII caused tensions to rise between the U. S. and the Soviet Union. Fear of Communism in capitalist nations, caused the United states government to use propaganda to raise Cold War anxieties and to get the American public scared of communism and in support of the cold war. The American government used a federal organizations, such as HUAC, tostop films from having to much of a communist appeal to them, to investigate people for being communist spies, and to further the public's hatred of communism. Next an American Senator named Joseph R. McCarthy would lead a series of trials against communists in the United States. Most of the people that Macarthy accused of being communist reached conviction. This happened despite the fact that many of the accused were not in fact communists. Therefore, the McCarthy trials acted as form of US propaganda, which gathered American support for the Cold War against the Soviets. Moreover, Hollywood began to produce anti-Communist films, which increased a fear of communism in the United States. Thus, the actions of the American government, journalist, and media increased the general anti-Communist support for the Cold War.Furthermore, war time conferences between Soviet Union, America, and Great Britain, such as Yalta and Terhran, harshened the relationship between the communists and the capitalists. In Tehran, the reshaping of post-war Europe was discussed. In Yalta, the European boundaries, German reparations, and Polish elections were agreed upon. Stalin agreed to hold free and fair elections. Later after Roosevelt, who attended these conferences, died Truman became president. He accused the Soviet leader of not holding up to his agreements at Yalta. Stalin wanted to use Poland as a buffer zone to prevent any future invasions from happening through this area. During W.W.II the Soviets had lost 27 million, and Stalin made it clear that in no way would he allow this to happen again. Furthermore, America decided to keep Stalin out of the loop about the Manhattan project, which furthered distrust. The Truman Doctrine, the name given to the policy established by Truman, would soon arise in American foreign policy. It came out of a...

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