Who Was More Responsible For The Cold War?

974 words - 4 pages

Lucile PoitevinWho was more responsible for the Cold War?The Cold War was an undeclared and nonviolent War between the USA and the USSR. There are different points of view to the date of the beginning of the Cold War by the historian. They argue that it started in July 1945, at the Potsdam Conference. Others argue that the dropping of the atomic bomb in August 1945 was the actual start of the Cold War. To open up, we are going to observe how the USA was more responsible, to follow we are going to argue on how the USSR was more responsible for the Cold War. Finally we are going to see how the two sides are both equally to blame.Firstly, we are going to observe the Orthodox or traditional point of view. For the Orthodox, Stalin and the Ideology of Marxism-Leninism were responsible for the Cold War. Marxism-Leninism is a communist ideology that is based upon the theories of Marxism and Vladimir Lenin. It seeks to purge anything considered like Bourgeois or religious from their society. They wanted to spread Communism everywhere in the entire world. They used aggressive force to "liberate" the Eastern Europe from Capitalist, but the truth was that they wanted to have control over those countries. Stalin made it pretty clear that he did not tolerate any rivals and wanted to dominate the world and for that to happen he used the influence of the Communism. Stalin broke all his promises that he made in the Yalta conference, he did not let the Eastern Europe country have free election and took over as a dictator. He also imposed a brutal political control and executed every political opponent in the Eastern' countries. These States should have been independent but they were soon referred as Soviet "satellites". Stalin was taking advantage of the military situation in Europe after the Second World War. It is interesting to see that even some Russian now declare that Stalin was more responsible for the outbreak of the Cold War. Stalin was viewed as an exhibiting "expansionist tendencies". In conclusion For the Orthodox or Traditional point of view Stalin and the ideology of Marxism-Leninism were more to blame for the outbreak of the Cold War.Secondly we are going to discuss how the USA was more responsible. The Revisionist view emerged mainly from American in the late sixties. The Americans were much stronger than the URRS, not only they experienced an economic expansion thanks to Europe that borrowed Billion of dollars to rebuild themselves, but they also had new armaments, the nuclear bomb. Stalin was well aware of his weakness compare to the USA and took control of Eastern Europe to as a defensive move to protect his country, Stalin's policy was claimed to be only defensive. The URRS wanted to build a "buffer zone" to protect them from the Capitalism that...

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