“Who Was More To Blame For The Origins And Development Of The Cold War In Europe: Stalin Or Truman?”

1401 words - 6 pages

Untitled

"Who was more to blame for the origins and development

of the

Cold War in Europe: Stalin or Truman?"

The cold war was a period of intense antagonism between the two superpowers- the United States and the Soviet Union, lasting from 1945-1991. Both leaders, Stalin and Truman, had a huge role to play in the cold war, but ultimately, it was Stalin who was more to blame for the origins and development of the cold war in Europe.

Stalin's foreign policy tended to be expansionist, as can be seen from the sovietization of Europe. By the end of world war two, the Soviet Union had taken control over Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, and not to mention the annexation of small portions of Romania and Czechoslovakia. Furthermore, the foreign policy was also based on the aim of taking advantage of the military situation in Europe to strengthen Soviet influence. As such, it was not hard for USA to see that USSR was inexorably expansionist, and had aims to spread world wide communism. These suspicions were made worse by the fact that although the Soviets had agreed to the principle of free elections in Eastern Europe during the Yalta conference of February 1945, it was clear that the Soviets applied pressure to allow communist politicians to hold key positions in coalition governments before elections were held. Key positions included those like the interior minister, which was responsible for the the police force and law and order. With communists now in charge, elections could then be manipulated to ensure communists controlled the levers of powers. To strengthen communist parties, they were often encouraged by Stalin to merge with other, often bigger, socialists groups who found merger to be in a reality a takeover. By the end of 1947, every state in Eastern Europe was controlled by a communist government, except Czechoslovakia.

However, it would be unfair of us to overlook the fact that Stalin was obsessed with the security of USSR and that his moves were also defensive in nature. Stalin's preoccupation with safeguarding soviet security, was difficult for US to understand, because US was more prosperous as compared to a greatly weakened USSR. Russia had been invaded from the west three times during the 20th century- by Germany during the first world war, by those helping the whites during the Russian civil war, and finally, by Germany again in the second...

Find Another Essay On “Who was more to blame for the origins and development of the Cold War in Europe: Stalin or Truman?”

Account for the origins and development of the Cold War between USA and USSR up to 1962.

2680 words - 11 pages The origins of the Cold War lie in the differences between the systems of both the United States and the Soviet Union. It is an interplay between ideology and pragmatic power politics, and the creation of tension and mistrust which had been evident since the Russian Revolution. During World War II...

The Development of the Cold War in Europe after 1945

2131 words - 9 pages The Development of the Cold War in Europe after 1945 After World War Two, there was an increasing interest in the idea of a United Europe. Soviet Russia and Western European Capitalist states had no common interests despite the wartime alliance, which was no longer valid. There was growing hostility between the United States and Soviet Russia that developed in to a Cold War. This essay will suggest that the development...

Was President Truman Responsible for the Cold War?

1338 words - 5 pages President Harry Truman came into office right at the end of World War II, after the death of President Franklin Roosevelt. Almost immediately after becoming president, Truman learned of the Manhattan Project, and had to decide whether or not to use the atomic bomb. With the advice of James Byrnes, Secretary of State, Truman decided to drop two atomic bombs on Japan, in part to demonstrate America’s power to the world and gain a political...

"As long as Stalin was running the Soviet Union a Cold war was unavoidable." (J.L Gaddis, We Now Know). Discuss this interpretation of the origins and character of the Cold War.

2078 words - 8 pages The cold war, or as John Lewis Gaddis would call it the "Long Peace" is a point in history full of intrigue. The very fact that one historian chooses to call a 'war' a period of peace, whilst for many decades previous is had been referred to as an enigma of conflicts the world hadn't seen before, and probably will never see again. The biggest problem with identifying whether or not the cold war really was instigated or inevitable because of...

Who is more to Blame for what Happens in the Novel: Frankenstein or the Monster? (Frankenstein by Mary Shelley)

1323 words - 5 pages Who is more to Blame for what Happens in the Novel: Frankenstein or the Monster?In Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein, the main character Victor Frankenstein, becomes obsessed with the notion of bringing a human being to life. The result is the creation...

Who was to blame for the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet?

1330 words - 5 pages Essay QuestionWho was to blame for the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet?In the following essay I am going to explore the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet and who was to blame for it.The author of the play is William Shakespeare born in Stratford in April 26, 1564. Died...

Exploring Why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got More Serious Between 1960 and 1964

2318 words - 9 pages Exploring Why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got More Serious Between 1960 and 1964 Introduction The term "Cold War" is broadly described as a state of permanent hostility between two powers which never erupts into armed confrontation or "hot war". Current historiography recognises the term "Cold War" as the conflict between the United States of America and Union of Soviet Union from 1945 until 1989. The Cold War is...

"Was the United States Responsible for the Development of the Cold War"

525 words - 2 pages Was the United States Responsible For the Development of the Cold War?The events that led up to the Cold War shows that the Soviet Union, not the United States, was responsible for the development of the Cold War. There were many ideological differences between the two superpowers. The Soviet Union wanted a weak Germany and a...

Who was to blame for Macbeth's downfall?

1673 words - 7 pages Due to the nature of Macbeth's downfall it would be difficult to blame a single person for his downfall. The main characters that were at fault in Macbeth's downfall were The Witches, Lady Macbeth and of course Macbeth himself but who is to blame the most out of the three?The Witches played a big part in Macbeth's downfall, as they were the first characters who influenced Macbeth as they met him at the start of the story. The Witches...

Cold War. Who was responsible for the failure of meaningful nuclear arms talks? Referenced directly to Ronald E. Powaski book "March to Armageddon"

1264 words - 5 pages Everyone said that they wanted limits on nuclear arms. So who was responsible for humankind's failure to impose any meaningful limits on them? Was it the American military, the presidents, leaders of Congress, the public, their Soviet or even West European counterparts? In reality, the true 'villains' of the story were the military and their conservative allies. These groups and their use of aggression, intimidation, power politics and nuclear...

The title is "The Cold War" This essay is a thesis on how the Cold War was in fact a much more heated war than it was made out to be.

2608 words - 10 pages According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy," One apt definition of war is this: war is an actual, intentional and widespread-armed conflict between political communities." (http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/war/). This definition did not seem fit for the conflict between capitalism (United States of America), communism (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics),...

Similar Essays

Who was to blame for the Cold War?

1586 words - 6 pages Who was to blame for the Cold War?The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. It can be argued that the Cold War was inevitable, and therefore no one's fault, due to the differences in the capitalist and communist ideologies. It was only the need for self-preservation that had caused the two countries to sink their differences temporarily during...

Who was to blame for the Cold War?

828 words - 3 pages During the Cold War, both USA and USSR have faults. But Stalin's action was most to blame. He has the most aggressive actions compared to the actions done by USA. He did not keep his promise which he had agreed at the Yalta Conference. He had dominated the countries in East Europe...

Who is to blame for the Cold War, Soviet Union or United States?

1411 words - 6 pages The Cold War was the elongated tension between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. It was a clash of these supergiants in political, ideological, military, and economic values and ideas. The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. The conflict in ideologies between capitalism and communism resulted in one of the greatest conflicts of the...

Who was more responsible for the Cold War?

974 words - 4 pages Lucile PoitevinWho was more responsible for the Cold War?The Cold War was an undeclared and nonviolent War between the USA and the USSR. There are different points of view to the date of the beginning of the Cold...