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Who Were The Huns, Ottomans, And The Austrians And How Did They Affect Europe?

1941 words - 8 pages

In Europe’s early history there were many influential superpowers that contributed to the way Europe developed as a whole. Some of these powerful influences include the Huns, Ottomans, and Austrians. These three forces left their mark on Europe, once they were no more. Whether it is military tactics, or political ideas, without them Europe wouldn’t be what it is today. So who really were the Huns, the Ottomans, and the Austrians? What made them so powerful that they influenced Europe’s course in history as a whole?
The earliest were the Huns, one of the most feared groups in all of history. They were nomads that used their unique war tactics to demolish any tribe or civilization in their way. . In Europe the Huns fought and defeated the German Goths of Eastern Europe, the Slavs, the Franks from France, and even the Roman Empire, plus and many others. The Huns settled in the area that is now called Hungary. They caused so much fear and chaos that even the rumor of one of their attacks would cause a community to travel elsewhere. They traveled westward out of China. They left a clear path, on their way to the west, of panic and devastation. It is even thought that the Great Wall of China was built as a precaution of a Hunnish attack. The reason they were so feared was their strong and cunning military forces. They were all skilled bowmen who rode on intimidating horses. This put all their enemies at a disadvantage, which proved successful for the Huns. Even though bows were their specialty they also fought with swords. The most armor they had, if any was stolen from the people they killed while sacking their towns. Another thing they used was the lasso. The long leather strips were thrown around a person’s neck or other limb, and they were dragged behind the horses. If that did not kill them, the Huns would also sometimes just tear the person apart using the leather lasso to help. They were fearless warriors, especially under the rule of Attila.
They were at their height of power under Attila the Hun’s (406 - died 453) rule. He was one of the most fearless and keen leaders in all of history. One of his nicknames was "Scourge of God.". War didn’t scare him but intrigued him.
“A first-hand account of Attila by the Roman historian Priscus tells us that he was intelligent and extremely modest in his dress, although capable of violent outbursts of anger.”(Attila King of the Huns by Patrick Howarth)
He had different side to him. This was explained in the In the book The People of Europe- The Huns by E.A Thompson. Thompson described Attila to a
"diplomatic bungler who, when invading the West in 451, managed to cause a whole series of initially disunited enemies to combine against him. More than that, most of his military victories came when there was no opposition worth talking about." (Thompson). Through all of this he was the best leader for this unstoppable force.

After tearing through central Europe, with Attila at in the front leading, they...

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