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Who Had The Greater Impact On Western Civilization: Charles Darwin Or Sigmund Freud? Takes The Position Of Fread Having A Greater Impact.

1113 words - 4 pages

Who had the greater impact on Western civilization: Charles Darwin or Sigmund Freud?Freud did many great and wonderful things during his lifetime. He studied illnesses of the mind, advanced what little we knew at the time, and came to conclusions about things no one had ever thought about before. However, Darwin also did many wonderful and great things. Overall, Freud had more impact on society than Darwin did.Freud did a lot more for us in both the immediate and long runs. He focuses his research on discovering and identifying what was behind who we were. "Sigmund Freud, physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist, and father of psychoanalysis, is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinker of the twentieth century."Freud was responsible for making the idea of the conscious mind and the unconscious mind popular. Working closely with the conscious mind is what Freud called the preconscious. These can be most easily described as equal to memories that you are not currently thinking about, but can bring to mind at will. Freud argued that these two parts, the conscious and preconscious, were the smallest parts of the mind and that the largest part, by far, is the unconscious. "According to Freud, the unconscious is the source of out motivations, whether they be simple desires for food or sex, neurotic compulsions, or the motives of an artist or scientist. And yet, we are often driven to deny or resist becoming conscious of these motives, and they are often available to us only in disguised form."Freud worked extensively, developing the theories of the id, ego, and superego. He taught is that the id translates an organism's needs into motivational forces. In German, this is called Triebe, which has been translated as 'drives' or 'instincts'. Freud also called them 'wishes'. The transition from need to wish is referred to as the 'primary process.' "The ego relates the organism to reality by means of its consciousness, and it searches for objects to satisfy the wishes that id created to represent the organism's need. This problem-solving activity is called the 'secondary process'" However, as the ego struggles the keep the id of the organism happy, it often runs into obstacles. These obstacles are recorded, most often in the form of rewards or punishments, and this becomes what is known as the 'superego'.Knowing about the id, ego, and superego alone has assist many psychologists, doctors, and scientists to understand the motivations behind certain people's actions. It has also aided greatly in diagnosing patients.Darwin focused on the science of how we came to be and where we came from. This led to studies in all areas on life, from birds to iguanas. His research and opinion states that animals select mates based on health. The health of any animal depends largely on how well it is suited to its environment. By this, any animal with a slight mutation that allowed it to adapt to its environment more closely was...

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