Who Is An Educator ? A Comparison Between Aristophanes' "Clouds" And Plato's "Apology" To Find An Answer To The Question.

1101 words - 4 pages

Who is an educator? How and what he/she can teach someone for the development of responsible citizenship?With regard the questions above there will be comparisons of the texts, Plato's Apology and Aristophanes' Clouds.In Apology, at passage 20 b Socrates inquires being a teacher; " But seeing that they are human beings whom do you intend to get as their instructor? Who is the expert in perfecting the human and social qualities? I assume from the fact of your having sons you must have considered the question. Is there such a person or not?In Apology, at passage 19 b and c, Socrates briefly explain the reasons of accusations against him. Those are, inquiring the things below the earth and in the sky, making the weaker argument defeat the stronger and teaching others to follow his examples which corrupts the young, and he mention s Aristophanes play as a kind of root for these accusations. At 19 c, he says, he does not try to educate people and charge a fee. Unlike, in Aristophanes' Clouds, Socrates charges Strepsiades to educate his son. As we see, In Plato's Socrates, Socrates claims, he does not teach and charge a fee whereas in Aristophanes' Socrates, in Clouds, he teaches by charging a fee. In addition, In Apology, at passage 20 c Socrates emphasize on being master in the subject you teach to charge your students for a fee and he claims, he can not teach since he did not master in any subject. He sees himself as who is in interaction with the people and youth of Athens in informal discussions, not lectures or lessons.Socrates inquires possessing wisdom and he concludes that he does not have such a wisdom and the God Delphi is the one who posses that wisdom. However, he claims he is the wisest man since he knows that he know nothing. So, when, you compare human wisdom with divine wisdom, human wisdom is nothing. Here, we see that Socrates likes to question and test many basic presumptions the Athenians had: Skepticism is his defining methodology. He uses this methodology to lead the people to examine their life and know their self-knowledge and potential. He admits education as passing a scholar or an educational discipline to a person with its whole structure. That's why, he does not see himself as a teacher even though he admits teaching something to people. Here, Socrates inquires the specialty of a person in his subject area. He also does not mean no one can reach the most favored level of specialty.Aristophanes' Clouds emphasize on Socrates' methodology from different perspective. In the play, he mentions "thinking house" wherein scholars, philosophers, natural and rhetorical wisdom reside and these philosophers study two stereotypical arguments "right and wrong". The "wrong argument is morally inferior but rhetorically superior and convincing. In clouds, Socrates teaches how to conquer the " right " argument by defensing cleverly "wrong" argument. Strepsiades wants to go this school in order to get rid of his depts, and creditors by...

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